Detlef Doenecke

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The lysine-rich H1 histone family in mammals includes eleven different subtypes, and thus it is the most divergent class of histone proteins. The central globular H1 domain asymmetrically interacts with DNA at the exit or entry end of the nucleosomal core DNA, and the C-terminal domain has a major impact on the linker DNA conformation and chromatin(More)
 Histones are the major protein constituents of the chromatin of eukaryotic cell nuclei. This group of basic proteins is extremely conserved throughout evolution and includes five classes termed H1, H2A, H2B, H3and H4. In mammals, each of these classes except H4 is subdivided into several subtypes. The most divergent class of histones is the H1 protein(More)
The most important event determining the nuclear status of sperm cells is the replacement of histones by protamines, which are the basic nuclear proteins of mature spermatozoa. A first step in this exchange is the displacement of histones by transition proteins (TP). Our study demonstrates, for the first time, the sequential expression of the(More)
A mouse genomic library was screened with a human testicular H1 (H1t) gene fragment. One phage containing the testis specific mouse H1t histone gene and its flanking regions was isolated. Northern blot analysis showed that the mouse H1t gene is expressed only in mouse testis at the stage of pachytene spermatocytes and that the H1t mRNA is not(More)
Import of proteins into the nucleus proceeds through nuclear pore complexes and is largely mediated by nuclear transport receptors of the importin beta family that use direct RanGTP-binding to regulate the interaction with their cargoes. We investigated nuclear import of the linker histone H1 and found that two receptors, importin beta (Impbeta) and(More)
The testicular H1 histone variant, H1t, is synthesized during spermatogenesis in mammalian male germ cells. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemical techniques were used to assign the expression of either the H1t mRNA or the H1t protein to specific cell stages of spermatogenesis. Our results show the presence of the H1t mRNA only in the late and(More)
Two human H1 histone genes, termed H1.3 and H1.4, were isolated from two cosmid clones. The H1.4 gene is associated with an H2B gene, whereas genes coding for all four core histones are located in the vicinity of the H1.3 gene. This cluster arrangement was found both in the two cosmid clones and on overlapping bacteriophage clones isolated from an EMBL3(More)
The sequences and organization of the histone genes in the histone gene cluster at the chromosomal marker D6S105 have been determined by analyzing the Centre d’Étude du Polymorphisme Humain yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) 964f1. The insert of the YAC was subcloned in cosmids. In the established contig of the histone-gene-containing cosmids, 16 histone(More)
We have previously located the genes of the five human main type H1 genes and the gene encoding the testicular subtype H1t to the region 21.1 to 22.2 on the short arm of chromosome 6. To investigate the organization of the histone genes in this region, we isolated two YACs from a human YAC library by PCR screening with primers specific for histone H1.1.(More)
The gene coding for the human H1t histone, a testis-specific H1 subtype, was isolated from a genomic library using a human somatic H1 gene as a hybridization probe. The corresponding mRNA is not polyadenylated and encodes a 206-amino-acid protein. Sequence analysis and S1 nuclease mapping of the human H1t gene reveals that the 5' flanking region contains(More)