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Dendritic cells (DCs) are considered to be promising adjuvants for inducing immunity to cancer. We used mature, monocyte-derived DCs to elicit resistance to malignant melanoma. The DCs were pulsed with Mage-3A1 tumor peptide and a recall antigen, tetanus toxoid or tuberculin. 11 far advanced stage IV melanoma patients, who were progressive despite standard(More)
Dendritic Cell (DC)-based vaccination approaches in man require a reproducible DC generation method that can be performed in conformity with GMP (Good Manufacturing Practice) guidelines and that circumvents the need for multiple blood drawings to generate DC. To this end we modified our previously described method to generate mature DC from CD14 + monocytes(More)
It has been recently demonstrated that regulatory CD4(+)CD25(+) CD45RO(+) T cells are present in the peripheral blood of healthy adults and exert regulatory function similar to their rodent counterparts. It remains difficult to understand how the small fraction of these T cells that regulate via direct cell-to-cell contact and not via secretion of(More)
It has been known for years that rodents harbor a unique population of CD4(+)CD25(+) "professional" regulatory/suppressor T cells that is crucial for the prevention of spontaneous autoimmune diseases. Here we demonstrate that CD4(+)CD25(+)CD45RO(+) T cells (mean 6% of CD4(+) T cells) are present in the blood of adult healthy volunteers. In contrast to(More)
Artesunate (ART) is a derivative of artemisinin, the active principle of the Chinese herb Artemisia annua L. Artesunate is approved for the treatment of multidrug-resistant malaria and has an excellent safety profile. It has been shown that Artesunate, apart from its anti-malarial activity, has cytotoxic effects on a number of human cancer cell lines,(More)
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a severe autoimmune bullous skin disorder and is primarily associated with circulating autoantibodies against desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) that are presumably regulated by Th cells. The aim of this study was to identify Dsg3-specific T regulatory (Tr) cells that may help to maintain and restore natural tolerance against Dsg3.(More)
Basophils and mast cells play a crucial role in immunological and allergic processes due to the release of inflammatory mediators such as histamine. It has been suggested for a long time that the histamine release (HR) from these cells is closely related to protein kinase (PKC) activity. However, the distinct role of PKC with its large variety of isozymes(More)
Skin mast cells and basophilic leukocytes are known as key elements of acute and subacute IgE-mediated immune responses of the skin. The present paper investigated pharmacological aspects of signal transduction pathways of both cell types using activators and inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC). The nonselective inhibitor K252a suppressed Fc epsilon(More)
Cell priming and stimulation of different cytokines (which include chemokines and growth factors) are typical features of human basophils. Recently, it has been shown that the macrophage chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), RANTES and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, (MIP-1α) are potent direct secretagogues for human basophils and that interleukin-3 (IL-3),(More)
Dendritic cell (DC) vaccination, albeit still in an early stage, is a promising strategy to induce immunity to cancer. We explored whether DC can expand Ag-specific CD8+ T cells even in far-advanced stage IV melanoma patients. We found that three to five biweekly vaccinations of mature, monocyte-derived DC (three vaccinations of 6 x 106 s.c. followed by two(More)