Detlef Boehm

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PURPOSE Epilepsies have a highly heterogeneous background with a strong genetic contribution. The variety of unspecific and overlapping syndromic and nonsyndromic phenotypes often hampers a clear clinical diagnosis and prevents straightforward genetic testing. Knowing the genetic basis of a patient's epilepsy can be valuable not only for diagnosis but also(More)
An isolated defect of respiratory chain complex I activity is a frequent biochemical abnormality in mitochondrial disorders. Despite intensive investigation in recent years, in most instances, the molecular basis underpinning complex I defects remains unknown. We report whole-exome sequencing of a single individual with severe, isolated complex I(More)
Aberrant reorganization of hippocampal mossy fibers occurs in human temporal lobe epilepsy and rodent epilepsy models. We generated a mouse model showing massive late-onset aberrant mossy fiber sprouting in the adult hippocampus. The mutation in this mouse model derives from an intronic insertion of transgene DNA in the mouse PLC-beta1 gene (PLC-beta(More)
We report on the results of an array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) study of 150 karyotypically normal Finnish patients with idiopathic mental retardation and/or dysmorphic features and/or malformations. Using high-resolution microarray analysis, we sought to identify clinically relevant microdeletions and microduplications in these patients.(More)
We identified four girls with a consistent constellation of facial dysmorphism and malformations previously reported in a single mother–daughter pair. Toe syndactyly, telecanthus and anogenital and renal malformations were present in all affected individuals; thus, we propose the name 'STAR syndrome' for this disorder. Using array CGH, qPCR and sequence(More)
BACKGROUND Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a pheochromocytoma-associated syndrome. Because of the low prevalence of pheochromocytoma in NF1, we ascertained subjects by pheochromocytoma that also had NF1 in the hope of describing the germline NF1 mutational spectra of NF1-related pheochromocytoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS An international registry for(More)
Mandibulofacial dysostosis with microcephaly (MFDM) is a rare sporadic syndrome comprising craniofacial malformations, microcephaly, developmental delay, and a recognizable dysmorphic appearance. Major sequelae, including choanal atresia, sensorineural hearing loss, and cleft palate, each occur in a significant proportion of affected individuals. We present(More)
Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx) is a selenoprotein belonging to the family of glutathione peroxidases. PHGPx has long been considered a major antioxidant that, in cooperation with vitamin E, protects biomembranes. To determine the expression pattern of PHGPx mRNA in human, quantitative RT-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analyses(More)
USA Federal Disaster Canine Teams, consisting of a handler and a dog, are essential for locating survivors following a disaster. Certification, required by the Federal Emergency Management Agency Urban Search and Rescue organization, requires two successful mock searches. Confirmation of the certification testing process as an acute stressor might offer(More)
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) was instrumented for identification of the gene causing autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease type 1 (PKD1) because a patient showing both diseases gave rise to the suggestion that the TSC2 gene is located in close vicinity on chromosome 16p13. However, distinct molecular genetic characterization of such patients is(More)