Detlef Behrend

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PURPOSE Biomechanical modelling of the accommodation process is a useful tool for studying the mechanism of accommodation and presbyopia and can aid in the development of accommodative lens-replacing materials. Existing biomechanical models, however, use a very simplified zonula structure. The aim of this study was to use three-dimensional ultrasonic(More)
Tissue adhesives are a valuable alternative for mechanical tissue fixation by sutures or staples. Adhesives are desirable in body regions where damage and bleeding must be avoided. Tissue adhesives provide easy and fast handling. This study reports the development of a tissue adhesive based on 1,2-ethylene glycol bis(dilactic acid) (ELA) functionalized with(More)
In body regions where damage and bleeding must be avoided, a substitute for mechanical tissue fixation by sutures or staplers is needed. Since tissue adhesives provide easy and fast handling they are a promising alternative. The present study reports the development and analysis of a tissue adhesive that consists of two adhesive components: hexamethylene(More)
Polymers may serve as a biodegradable material in tissue engineering. To assess the biocompatibility of poly-beta-hydroxy butyric acid (PHB), we studied the structural organization of cellular molecules involved in adhesion using osteoblastic and epithelial cell lines. On PHB, both cell lines revealed a rounded cell shape due to reduced spreading. The(More)
CONCLUSION With optical coherence tomography (OCT) it is basically possible to reveal parts of the cochlear morphology without opening its enveloping membranes. Thus, it may serve as a helpful guide for the surgeon to localize the scala tympani precisely before opening the fluid-filled inner ear to insert the electrode array. OBJECTIVE To improve(More)
INTRODUCTION Aseptic loosening associated with osteolysis and release of wear particles is the main reason for revision of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Damage of femoral heads is well known to increase the wear rate at the articulating surface. Instability and dislocation are serious complications and are the second most frequent reason for revision(More)
PURPOSE The lifelong persistence of foreign bodies within the arteries may contribute to restenosis. Thus, biodegradable devices might decrease recurrence rates. METHODS Eleven polyhydroxybutyrate biodegradable stents and 13 tantalum stents were implanted into the iliac arteries of New Zealand white rabbits for up to 30 weeks. After killing the animals,(More)
OBJECTIVE To prove the feasibility of recording stapedius reflexes by bipolar electromyography intra-operatively during cochlea implant via a bipolar hook needle electrode. STUDY DESIGN Prospective study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Adults receiving a MED-EL cochlear implant. INTERVENTION Diagnostic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Stapedius(More)
AIMS Recently, a new rebound tonometer has been introduced into the market, which might be useful for glaucoma screenings in developing countries. Disposable probes, that are potentially reusable, are recommended by the manufacturer. Our study aimed to address the question of microbial transmission risks if the probes are reused. METHODS IOP measurements(More)
CONCLUSION Our anatomical findings place special emphasis on the requirement to follow an infero-anterior approach to the round window, to expose the scala tympani safely for 'normal' cochlear implantation. It is also known how easily the basilar membrane may be accidentally damaged, despite exercising considerable caution in the approach used. With regard(More)