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The present study evaluates results of language testing during intracarotid amobarbital procedures in 167 patients with either left (LHE, n = 81) or right hemisphere epilepsies (RHE, n = 86). In both groups there was a high rate of deviance from complete left hemisphere dominance of 24 and 31%, respectively. Whilst complete right hemisphere or incomplete(More)
Concomitant with the right hemispheric restitution of language functions after early left hemisphere lesions, suppression effects on originally right hemispheric visuospatial/constructional functions have repeatedly been reported. The present study evaluated this issue in 10 right hemisphere language-dominant patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Left(More)
Intracarotid sodium amytal (ISA) procedures are commonly used to determine the lateralization of language and memory functions in presurgical evaluation of epileptic patients. Besides, they provide a means for studying putative hemispheric asymmetries in the organization of emotional behavior. In this study, we report the incidence of negative emotional(More)
Bilateral intracarotid amobarbital procedures (IAP) were performed in 144 patients with medically intractable complex-partial seizures. As a result of language testing, 29 patients (20.1%) were found to have bilateral language representation to different degrees. In four (2.8%) of these patients--all right-handers with early onset of epilepsy and/or(More)
As a part of presurgical evaluation, 173 patients received bilateral intracarotid amobarbital tests for determination of cerebral language dominance. Language testing during intracarotid amobarbital procedures (IAP) consisted of the following tasks: automatic speech, sentence comprehension, body commands, naming, repetition, reading, and spontaneous speech.(More)
OBJECTIVE To relate functional effects on the hippocampus during the intracarotid amobarbital test (IAT) to its direct perfusion with amobarbital. METHODS In 17 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy, 28 hemispheres were perfused with 2.3 mL of 10% solution of 200 mg amobarbital and 37 MBq 99mTc-hexamethylpropylene amine oxime (HMPAO). For(More)
For evaluation of potential functional deficits, an intraarterial amobarbital test is performed prior to neurosurgical or neuroradiological interventions. To visualize individual amobarbital perfusion patterns, simultaneous injection of (99m)Tc-HMPAO was performed previously. The present study describes for the first time a method of coregistration of(More)
PURPOSE The determination of language dominance as part of the presurgical workup of patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsies has experienced fundamental changes. With the introduction of noninvasive functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), the number of patients receiving intracarotid amobarbital procedures (IAPs) for assessment of language(More)
In this paper, the problem of correct ascriptions of consciousness to patients in neurological intensive care medicine is explored as a special case of the general philosophical 'other minds problem'. It is argued that although clinical ascriptions of consciousness and coma are mostly based on behavioral evidence, a behaviorist epistemology of other minds(More)