Dessislava Mayer

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Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with morphological changes of the bowel wall that can be visualized by abdominal ultrasound (US). This method is a tool to detect the extent of bowel wall thickening and the length of involved segments. The purpose of this study was to determine the value of sonographic measurement of inflamed bowel wall(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the capability of improved artificial neural networks (ANN) and additional novel training methods in distinguishing between benign and malignant breast lesions in contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance-mammography (MRM). A total of 604 histologically proven cases of contrast-enhanced lesions of the female breast at MRI(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In the current state of knowledge of the pathophysiology of hepatic encephalopathy, a reduction in hyperammonemia is the most important evidence of effective treatment. Therefore, the therapeutic efficacy of oral L-ornithine-L-aspartate, which improves impaired ammonia detoxification, was investigated in patients with cirrhosis,(More)
BACKGROUND Sex differences in drug pharmacokinetics have been well recognized and gender has been considered a risk factor for adverse events to medications. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of gender on the expression of hepatocellular transport proteins involved in uptake and secretion of organic anions in rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Fendiline was administered intravenously (3 mg) and orally (50 mg and 75 mg) in a cross-over study to six healthy volunteers. The plasma levels of unchanged fendiline and of total radioactivity were measured. Fendiline was absorbed well and its concentration declined biexponentially with mean terminal half-lives of 20–35 h. Since the drug is extensively(More)
It has been suggested that pancreatic ductal hypertension, secondary to pancreatic outflow obstruction, is a cause of pain in chronic pancreatitis. This study investigated the effect of inhibiting pancreatic secretion with octreotide in chronic pancreatitis pain. Ten patients with chronic alcoholic pancreatitis and severe daily pain were included in an(More)
Minimally invasive endoscopic and radiologic techniques have been reported for internal gastric drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts but these have significant technical limitations. A purely endoscopic approach to cystogastrostomy provides limited access for instrumentation and hemostasis. Radiologically-guided percutaneous techniques cannot regularly(More)
The purpose of this 4-day plaque regrowth study was to assess the effect of N-chlorotaurine (NCT) mouth rinses on plaque inhibition and plaque vitality. Eighty volunteers participated in this investigator-blind, randomized, clinical controlled study in parallel groups. No oral hygiene was permitted except rinsing with a 2% or 3% NCT mouth rinse, a positive(More)
Noninvasive 13C-breath tests are used for the assessment of hepatocellular dysfunction. 13C-methacetin is metabolized in the liver by O-demethylation to 13CO2 and acetaminophen. The aim of the study was to evaluate the 13C-methacetin breath test in comparison to the Child-Pugh score and other quantitative liver function tests (MEGX-test and indocyanin(More)