Despina D. Briana

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Human pregnancy is characterized by insulin resistance, traditionally attributed to the effects of placental hormones. Normal pregnancy-induced insulin resistance is further enhanced in pregnancy complications, associated with disturbed placental function, such as gestational diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, and intrauterine growth restriction. Compelling(More)
Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a sensitive biomarker of cardiac ischemia. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may imply fetal hypoxia, resulting in blood flow centralization in favour of vital organs (brain, heart, adrenals--"brain sparing effect"). Based on the latter, we hypothesized that cord blood IMA levels should not differ between IUGR and(More)
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the failure of the fetus to achieve his/her intrinsic growth potential, due to anatomical and/or functional disorders and diseases in the feto-placental-maternal unit. IUGR results in significant perinatal and long-term complications, including the development of insulin resistance/metabolic syndrome in adulthood.(More)
The role of maternal colostrum to infant development has been extensively studied and presented. Among the main factors which contribute to breast milk composition are maternal diet, age and body mass index, parity, duration of pregnancy and stage of lactation. This study aims to investigate the potential impact of several factors including demographic(More)
Cumulative evidence suggests that the origins of obesity may occur during fetal development. In this respect, the concept of "developmental programming" was introduced and supported by experimental and epidemiological data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could irreversibly interfere in metabolism(More)
BACKGROUND Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most common acquired gastrointestinal disease in premature infants and has high mortality and morbidity. Endothelial nitric oxide is an important regulator of vascular perfusion and is synthetized from the amino acid L-arginine. Hypoargininemia is frequently observed in preterm neonates and may predispose(More)
Transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α) and TGF-β1 are major anti-inflammatory cytokines and substantially contribute to normal pregnancy outcome. TGF-α stimulates placental mitosis, whereas TGF-β1 is a critical regulator of trophoblast invasion and fetal growth. We aimed to study cord blood TGF-α and TGF-β1 concentrations in intrauterine-growth-restricted(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate circulating concentrations of omentin-1 and vaspin (adipocytokines predominantly secreted by visceral adipose tissue and not yet investigated in perinatal life) in maternal, fetal, and neonatal samples from intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR; associated with altered development of adipose tissue) and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Irisin, a novel myokine with antiobesity properties, drives brown-fat-like conversion of white adipose tissue, thus increasing energy expenditure and improving glucose tolerance. We aimed to investigate circulating irisin concentrations in large-for-gestational-age (LGA) and intrauterine-growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses, both associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine levels of the possible angioregulatory molecules netrin-1 and -4, in intrauterine-growth-restricted (IUGR), large for gestational age (LGA) (both groups characterized by altered angiogenic mechanisms) and appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) pregnancies. METHODS Cord blood (UC) netrin-1 and -4 concentrations were measured in 30(More)