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Phospholipase D (PLD) activity is elevated in response to the oncogenic stimulus of H-Ras but not K-Ras. H-Ras and K-Ras have been reported to localize to different membrane microdomains, with H-Ras localizing to caveolin-enriched light membrane fractions. We reported previously that PLD activity elevated in response to mitogenic stimulation is restricted(More)
Protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) has been implicated both as a tumor suppressor and a positive regulator of cell cycle progression. PKCdelta has also been reported to positively and negatively regulate apoptotic programs. This has led to conflicting hypotheses on the role of PKCdelta in the control of cell proliferation and survival. Surprisingly, PKCdelta(More)
Phospholipase D (PLD) activity is elevated in response to mitogenic and oncogenic signals. PLD also cooperates with overexpressed tyrosine kinases to transform rat fibroblasts. 3Y1 rat fibroblasts overexpressing the tyrosine kinase c-Src undergo apoptosis in response to serum withdrawal. We report here that elevated expression of either PLD1 or PLD2 in(More)
mTOR, the mammalian target of rapamycin, is a critical target of survival signals in many human cancers. In the absence of serum, rapamycin induces apoptosis in MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells. However, in the presence of serum, rapamycin induces G(1) cell cycle arrest-indicating that a factor(s) in serum suppresses rapamycin-induced apoptosis. We(More)
The advent of fungal pathogens that are resistant to the classic repertoire of antifungal drugs has increased the need for new therapeutic agents. A prominent example of such a novel compound is caspofungin, known to alter cell wall biogenesis by inhibiting β-1,3-D-glucan synthesis. Although much progress has been made in understanding the mechanism of(More)
The ability of cancer cells to migrate is strongly correlated with malignant progression and metastasis. Survival signals that suppress apoptosis have also been linked to increased cell motility. We previously reported that suppression of protein kinase Cdelta (PKCdelta) provided survival signals in a rat fibroblast model system. These studies have been(More)
Elevated expression of phospholipase D (PLD) in rat fibroblasts overexpressing a tyrosine kinase leads to cell transformation. However, it has been difficult to get elevated expression of PLD in normal rat fibroblasts. Using transient transfection and an inducible expression system, we were able to get elevated expression of PLD1 and PLD2 in 3Y1 rat(More)
UNLABELLED There is increasing evidence that many amyloids in living cells have physiological functions. On the surfaces of fungal cells, amyloid core sequences in adhesins can aggregate into 100- to 1,000-nm-wide patches to form high-avidity adhesion nanodomains on the cell surface. The nanodomains form through interactions that have amyloid-like(More)
Candida albicans adhesins have amyloid-forming sequences. In Als5p, these amyloid sequences cluster cell surface adhesins to create high avidity surface adhesion nanodomains. Such nanodomains form after force is applied to the cell surface by atomic force microscopy or laminar flow. Here we report centrifuging and resuspending S. cerevisiae cells expressing(More)
Many fungal adhesins have short, β-aggregation-prone sequences that play important functional roles, and in the Candida albicans adhesin Als5p, these sequences cluster the adhesins after exposure to shear force. Here, we report that Saccharomyces cerevisiae flocculins Flo11p and Flo1p have similar β-aggregation-prone sequences and are similarly stimulated(More)