Desmond Mascarenhas

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BACKGROUND Trastuzumab (Herceptin), an anti-HER2/neu receptor monoclonal antibody that inhibits growth of ErbB2-overexpressing breast cancer, is used to treat such cancers. Development of resistance to trastuzumab, however, is common. We investigated whether insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), which activates cell survival signals, interferes with the(More)
Chimeric genes containing the coding sequence for bacterial chloramphenicol acetyl transferase (CAT) have been introduced by electroporation into maize protoplasts (Black Mexican Sweet) and transient expression monitored by enzyme assays. Levels of CAT expression were enhanced 12-fold and 20-fold respectively by the inclusion of maize alcohol(More)
Genetically transformed maize plants were obtained from protoplasts treated with recombinant DNA. Protoplasts that were digested from embryogenic cell suspension cultures of maize inbred A188 were combined with plasmid DNA containing a gene coding for neomycin phosphotransferase (NPT II) next to the 35S promoter region of cauliflower mosaic virus. A high(More)
Three molecular foldases, DsbA, DsbC, and rotamase (ppiA), exhibited the unusual property of accumulating in an osmotically sensitive cellular compartment of Escherichia coli when their signal sequences were precisely removed by mutation. A mammalian protein, interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist, behaved in a similar fashion in E. coli when its native(More)
At the optimum temperature for its growth (37 degrees C), Escherichia coli tends to accumulate heterologous proteins in insoluble form. Fusion protein technology has been used to increase the solubility of overexpressed proteins in this organism, but with variable degrees of success. Fusion to a mutant form of DsbA (DsbAmut) confers higher levels of(More)
Deletion of the structural gene for phosphoglucose isomerase (pgi) of Escherichia coli dramatically alters the path of glucose catabolism by diverting carbon into the hexose monophosphate shunt. The effect of this genetic alteration on the conversion of glucose to tryptophan by strains optimized for the biosynthesis of this amino acid was determined by(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) can inhibit cell growth by directly interacting with cells, as well as by forming complexes with IGF-I and IGF-II that prevent their growth-promoting activity. The present study examines the mechanism of inhibition of DNA synthesis by IGFBP-3 in CCL64 mink lung epithelial cells. DNA synthesis was(More)
Attractive economics and short development timelines have often been cited as reasons for using bacteria to express eukaryotic proteins on a commercial scale. Nevertheless, routine techniques for bacterial expression of heterologous proteins are beset by a variety of technical and legal difficulties. In particular, the use of plasmids to express foreign(More)
A 230 base pair DNA segment containing the sequences 5' to the 700 to 750 nucleotide (nt) transcript 7' (ORF 3; RF Barker, KB Idler, DV Thompson, JD Kemp 1983 Plant Mol Biol 2: 335-350) of the octopine tumor inducing plasmid pTiA6 has been isolated. This region has (a) 180 base pairs of DNA upstream of the TATA box, (b) the start of RNA synthesis, and (c)(More)
BACKGROUND There are close interrelationships between hormones that regulate bone formation and protein biosynthesis. For example, growth hormone and thyroid hormones can influence plasma levels of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). A patient's status regarding hormones other than IGF-I may thus indirectly modify the efficacy of IGF-I treatment. The aim(More)