Desmond K. Runyan

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OBJECTIVE To create a parent-to-child version of the Conflict Tactics Scales, the CTSPC. METHOD Description of the conceptual and methodological approaches used and psychometric data for a nationally representative sample of 1,000 U.S. children. RESULTS (1) Improved Psychological Aggression and Physical Assault scales. (2) New Nonviolent Discipline(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this exploratory study was to examine the extent to which, in combination, the best constructions of basic dimensions of maltreatment, identified in other papers from LONGSCAN, predict child outcomes. METHOD Maltreatment records of a sample of 203 children were used to define dimensions of maltreatment related to Type, Severity,(More)
OBJECTIVE Social capital describes the benefits that are derived from personal social relationships (within families and communities) and social affiliations. This investigation examined the extent to which social capital is associated with positive developmental and behavioral outcomes in high-risk preschool children. DESIGN A cross-sectional(More)
CONTEXT Physical abuse is a leading cause of serious head injury and death in children aged 2 years or younger. The incidence of inflicted traumatic brain injury (TBI) in US children is unknown. OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence of serious or fatal inflicted TBI in a defined US population of approximately 230 000 children aged 2 years or younger. (More)
OBJECTIVE Diagnosing inflicted traumatic brain injury (TBI) in young children is difficult in practice. Comparisons of children with inflicted and noninflicted TBI may help to identify markers of inflicted TBI. The objective of this study was to compare inflicted and noninflicted TBI in terms of presenting complaints, clinical features, and hospital(More)
Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) has been associated with HIV/AIDS risk behavior; however, much of this work is retrospective and focuses on women. The current study used semi-parametric mixture modeling with youth (n = 844; 48.8% boys) from the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect (LONGSCAN) to examine the link between trajectories of CSA (2 to 12(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal was to examine the association between early childhood neglect (birth to age 2 years) and later childhood aggression at ages 4, 6, and 8 years, compared with aggression's associations with early childhood abuse and later abuse and neglect. METHODS A prospective cohort of 1318 predominantly at-risk children, recruited from 4 US cities(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop a child victimization survey among a diverse group of child protection experts and examine the performance of the instrument through a set of international pilot studies. METHODS The initial draft of the instrument was developed after input from scientists and practitioners representing 40 countries. Volunteers from the larger group(More)
Spanking is common in the United States but less common in many European countries in which it has been outlawed. Being spanked has been associated with child abuse victimization, poor self-esteem, impaired parent-child relationships, and child and adult mental health, substance abuse, and behavioral consequences. Being spanked as a child has also been(More)
We performed a multicenter, historical-cohort analysis to identify factors associated with chronic lung disease (CLD) in extremely low birth weight infants. The 235 infants who were born in 1984 with birth weights of 751 to 1000 gm and admitted to any of 10 participating neonatal intensive care units comprised the study population. We analyzed demographic(More)