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Although endemic malaria was eradicated from Australia by 1981, the vectors remain and transmission from imported cases still occurs. Climate modelling shows that global warming will enlarge the potential range of the main vector, Anopheles farauti sensu stricto; by the year 2030 it could extend along the Queensland coast to Gladstone, 800 km south of its(More)
Relationships among the genus Anopheles and its many sibling species-groups are obscure despite the importance of anophelines as the vectors of human malaria. For the first time, the interrelationships and the origin of Australasian members of the subgenus Cellia are investigated by a cladistic analysis of sequence variation within the mitochondrial(More)
The vasodilator adenosine is produced continuously by the normal dog myocardium. However, the relation of adenosine production to increased cardiac metabolism requires clarification. This study tested the hypothesis that increased myocardial Oi demand promotes increased adenosine production to match coronary blood flow (CBF) to metabolic requirements.(More)
There is increasing need to apply established standards for recording data on mosquito collection events, because of the diversity of potential data providers, and the growth and interoperability of online databases designed to host these collection records. In particular, adequate taxonomic and georeference data are needed for geodatabases such as(More)
The Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, Division of Global Emerging Infections Surveillance and Response System Operations (AFHSC-GEIS) initiated a coordinated, multidisciplinary program to link data sets and information derived from eco-climatic remote sensing activities, ecologic niche modeling, arthropod vector, animal disease-host/reservoir, and(More)
Among the Punctulatus Group of Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae), first-instar larvae of the medically unimportant freshwater Anopheles farauti species No. 7 survives a seawater tolerance test (SST) that was previously thought to be diagnostic for the saltwater-tolerant malaria vector species, An. farauti Laveran s.s. Salt tolerance in these two(More)
Genomic DNA probes were made for five members of the Anopheles punctulatus complex of mosquitoes found in Papua New Guinea. Specific DNA probes were developed for An. punctulatus, An. koliensis, and three sibling species, An. farauti No. 4, An. farauti No. 5, and An. farauti No. 6, by differentially screening total genomic DNA libraries of individual(More)
Four species within the Anopheles punctulatus group of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) were identified by allozyme analysis of samples collected from thirty-three localities in Guadalcanal, Makira, Malaita, Temotu and Western Provinces in the Solomon Islands and six localities on Efate, Espiritu Santo, Maewo and Malekula Islands in Vanuatu. Three of these(More)