Desiree N Lanford

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OBJECTIVE We conducted a literature review of assessment tools predicting driving performance for people with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHOD Data sources were Web of Science, EBSCOhost, PubMed, and recently published literature from experts and team members not yet catalogued in the databases. We used the American Academy of Neurology's(More)
OBJECTIVE We determined differences in driving errors between combat veterans with mild traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder and healthy control participants. METHOD We compared 18 postdeployed combat veterans with 20 control participants on drivingerrors in a driving simulator. RESULTS Combat veterans were more likely to be male;(More)
OBJECTIVE We used screening tests administered by a certified driving rehabilitation specialist and by Parkinson's disease (PD) specialty neurologists to develop a model to predict on-road outcomes for patients with PD. METHOD We administered a battery of screening tests to 41 patients with PD and 41 age-matched control participants before on-road(More)
PURPOSE To determine the correlations of the Useful Field of View (UFOV), compared to other clinical tests of Parkinson's disease (PD); vision; and cognition with measures of on-road driving assessments and to quantify the UFOV's ability to indicate passing/failing an on-road test in people with PD. METHODS Nineteen randomly selected people with(More)
BACKGROUND The primary influence of motor symptoms on driving performance remains unclear due to the inconsistent use of various motor rating scales used in prior studies. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to determine which of three measures utilized in PD, the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor section; the Modified Hoehn and Yahr; and the(More)
Screening tools such as the MMSE have been used extensively in driving research studies to determine mild cognitive impairment or dementia. While some studies have shown the MMSE to correlate with driving performance, few studies have shown the predictive validity of the MMSE in determining on-road performance. In a sample of 168 community dwelling older(More)
PROBLEM As the number of older drivers grows, it is increasingly important to accurately identify at-risk drivers. This study tested clinical assessments predictive of real-time driving performance. METHOD Selected assessment tools considered important in the identification of at-risk older drivers represented the domains of vision, cognition, motor(More)
Research studies typically consider older drivers as a homogenous group and do not report on the influence of gender on driving performance. Prior studies report that females are over-represented in crashes compared to males, caused by errors of yielding, gap acceptance, and speed regulation, all of which are assessed in a comprehensive driving evaluation(More)
OBJECTIVE The primary objective of this study was to determine gender differences by comparing self-reported driving behaviors, clinical tests, and on-road driving performance in a cohort of men and women drivers with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS In this prospective observational study, we analyzed data of a convenience sample of 63 men (mean age =(More)
Certain driving errors are predictive of crashes, but whether the type of errors evaluated during on-road assessment is similar to traffic violations that are associated with crashes is unknown. Using the crash data of 5,345 older drivers and expert reviewers, we constructed a violation-to-error classification based on rater agreement. We examined the(More)