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Glutamine synthetase (GS), a key enzyme in biological nitrogen assimilation, is regulated in multiple ways in response to varying nitrogen sources and levels. Here we show a small regulatory RNA, NsiR4 (nitrogen stress-induced RNA 4), which plays an important role in the regulation of GS in cyanobacteria. NsiR4 expression in the unicellular Synechocystis(More)
Prooxidants activate a specific Ca2+ release pathway from mitochondria. Here we investigate the inhibitory potency of cyclosporine A and six related compounds with respect to peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase (PPIase), pyridine nucleotide hydrolysis and Ca2+ release. Whereas the absolute inhibitory potency of the compounds varies by about three orders of(More)
In cyanobacteria, alkanes are synthesized from a fatty acyl-ACP by two enzymes, acyl–acyl carrier protein reductase and aldehyde deformylating oxygenase. Despite the great interest in the exploitation for biofuel production, nothing is known about the transcriptional organization of their genes or the physiological function of alkane synthesis. The(More)
Oxygenic photosynthesis crucially depends on proteins that possess Fe2+ or Fe/S complexes as co-factors or prosthetic groups. Here, we show that the small regulatory RNA (sRNA) IsaR1 (Iron-Stress-Activated RNA 1) plays a pivotal role in acclimation to low-iron conditions. The IsaR1 regulon consists of more than 15 direct targets, including Fe2+-containing(More)
Despite their versatile functions in multimeric protein complexes, in the modification of enzymatic activities, intercellular communication or regulatory processes, proteins shorter than 80 amino acids (μ-proteins) are a systematically underestimated class of gene products in bacteria. Photosynthetic cyanobacteria provide a paradigm for small protein(More)
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