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It was the aim of this study to further explore the functional role of vitamin D in the endocrine pancreas. By gene targeting, we have recently generated mice in which a lacZ reporter gene is driven by the endogenous vitamin D receptor (VDR) promoter. These mice express a functionally inactive mutant VDR. Pancreatic islets but not exocrine pancreas cells(More)
The hedgehog family of morphogens are regulators of cell proliferation, differentiation and cell-cell communication. These morphogens have been shown to have important roles in organogenesis, spermatogenesis, stem cell maintenance and oncogenesis. Indian hedgehog (encoded by Ihh) has been shown to be expressed in the uterine epithelium under the control of(More)
The vitamin D hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25-(OH)(2)D(3)], the biologically active form of vitamin D, is essential for an intact mineral metabolism. Using gene targeting, we sought to generate vitamin D receptor (VDR) null mutant mice carrying the reporter gene lacZ driven by the endogenous VDR promoter. Here we show that our gene-targeted mutant(More)
In the developing growth plate, periarticular chondrocytes proliferate, differentiate into columnar chondrocytes, and then further differentiate into postmitotic hypertrophic chondrocytes. Parathyroid hormone-related (PTH-related) protein (PTHrP), regulated by Indian hedgehog (Ihh), prevents premature hypertrophic differentiation, thereby maintaining the(More)
Indian hedgehog (Ihh) is actively involved in endochondral bone formation. Although expression of Ihh is mostly restricted to pre-hypertrophic chondrocytes, the role of chondrocyte-derived Ihh in endochondral bone formation is not completely understood. To address such unresolved issues, we used the Cre/loxP approach to generate mice (Col2alpha1Cre;(More)
The homozygous ablation of the gene encoding the PTH/PTHrP receptor (PPR(-/-)) leads to early lethality and limited developmental defects, including an acceleration of chondrocyte differentiation. In contrast to the findings in homozygous PTHrP-ablated (PTHrP(-/-)) animals, these PPR(-/-) mice show an increase in cortical bone, a decrease in trabecular(More)
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