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During site-specific DNA recombination, which brings about genetic rearrangement in processes such as viral integration and excision and chromosomal segregation, recombinase enzymes recognize specific DNA sequences and catalyse the reciprocal exchange of DNA strands between these sites. The bacteriophage recombinase Cre catalyses site-specific recombination(More)
Lateral DNA transfer--the movement of genetic traits between bacteria--has a profound impact on genomic evolution and speciation. The efficiency with which bacteria incorporate genetic information reflects their capacity to adapt to changing environmental conditions. Integron integrases are proteins that mediate site-specific DNA recombination between a(More)
The structure of rat intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) with bound oleate (C18:1) has been refined with x-ray diffraction data to a resolution of 1.75 A. The protein contains 10 anti-parallel beta strands composed of 99 residues and 2 short helices of 14 residues. Oleate is located in the interior of the protein in a bent conformation with(More)
Cre recombinase catalyzes site-specific recombination between two 34-bp loxP sites in a variety of DNA substrates. At the start of the recombination pathway, the loxP sites are each bound by two recombinase molecules, and synapsis of the sites is mediated by Cre-Cre interactions. We describe the structures of synaptic complexes formed between a symmetrized(More)
BACKGROUND The Mycobacterium tuberculosis PhoP/PhoR two-component signal transduction system controls the expression of about 2% of the genome and plays a major role in pathogenicity. However, its regulon has not been well characterized. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The binding site of PhoP transcription regulator was identified in the upstream regions(More)
We have determined the X-ray crystal structures of two DNA Holliday junctions (HJs) bound by Cre recombinase. The HJ is a four-way branched structure that occurs as an intermediate in genetic recombination pathways, including site-specific recombination by the lambda-integrase family. Cre recombinase is an integrase family member that recombines 34 bp loxP(More)
Protozoan parasites rely on the host for purines since they lack a de novo synthetic pathway. Crithidia fasciculata salvages exogenous inosine primarily through hydrolysis of the N-ribosidic bond using several nucleoside hydrolases. The most abundant nucleoside hydrolase is relatively nonspecific but prefers inosine and uridine as substrates. Here we report(More)
Three-dimensional structural information on the integrase family of site-specific recombinases has only recently become available, with the crystal structures of catalytic domains, full-length proteins and protein-DNA complexes of this family reported over the past two years. These results have led to a model for the overall architecture and active site(More)
Protozoa depend on purine salvage for nucleic acid synthesis. An abundant salvage enzyme in Crithidia fasciculata is the inosine-uridine nucleoside hydrolase (IU-nucleoside hydrolase). The enzyme was cloned by polymerase chain reaction techniques using primers corresponding to the amino acid sequences of tryptic fragments and to the miniexon of C.(More)
The integron platform codes for an integrase (IntI) from the tyrosine family of recombinases that mediates recombination between a proximal double-strand recombination site, attI and a single-strand target recombination site, attC. The attI site is only recognized by its cognate integrase, while the various tested attCs sites are recombined by several(More)