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Sudden Oak Death is a new and virulent disease affecting hardwood forests in coastal California. The spatial–temporal dynamics of oak mortality at the landscape scale are crucial indicators of disease progression. Modeling disease spread requires accurate mapping of the dynamic pattern of oak mortality in time through multi-temporal image analysis.(More)
Change detection based on the comparison of independently classified images (i.e. post-classification comparison) is well-known to be negatively affected by classification errors of individual maps. Incorporating spatial-temporal contextual information in the classification helps to reduce the classification errors, thus improving change detection results.(More)
Land surface temperature (LST) retrieved from satellite thermal sensors often consists of mixed temperature components. Retrieving subpixel LST is therefore needed in various environmental and ecological studies. In this paper, we developed two methods for downscaling coarse resolution thermal infrared (TIR) radiance for the purpose of subpixel temperature(More)
In California, a newly discovered virulent pathogen (Phytophthora ramorum) has killed thousands of trees, including tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus), coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia), and black oak (Quercus kelloggii). Mapping the distribution of overstory mortality associated with the pathogen is an important part of disease management. In this study, we(More)
A new forest disease called Sudden Oak Death, caused by the pathogen Phytophthora ramorum, occurs in coastal hardwood forests in California and Oregon. In this paper, we analyzed the spatial–temporal patterns of overstory oak tree mortality in China Camp State Park, CA over 4 years using the point patterns mapped from high spatial resolution remotely sensed(More)
Accurate registration of airborne images is challenging because complex local geometric distortions are often involved in image acquisition. In this paper, we propose a solution to this registration problem in two parts. First, we present an area-based method to extract sufficient numbers of well-located control points, and second, we use the extracted(More)
Sudden oak death is a disease affecting coastal forests in California and southern Oregon. The spatial pattern of disease dynamics is important for forest and landscape pathology; in this work we investigated the interaction across landscape scales of disease symptomology in coast live oaks, Quercus agrifolia, (trunk bleeding, presence of beetles, and(More)
Peneciraistin C (Pe-C) is a novel spiroketal compound isolated from the saline soil derived fungus Penicillium raistrickii. Our previous study showed that Pe-C exerted a potent cytotoxic effect on many kinds of cancer cell lines, especially on human lung cancer A549 cells. Here, we report the anticancer mechanisms of Pe-C in a variety of lung cancer cells.(More)
Glucomanno-oligosaccharides (GMO), usually produced from hydrolysis of konjac tubers with a high content of glucomannan, have a positive effect on Bifidobacterium as well as a variety of other physiological activities. Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to optimize the hydrolysis time, hydrolysis temperature, pH and enzyme to substrate ratio(More)
BACKGROUND Exhaled pentane, which is produced as a consequence of reactive oxygen species-mediated lipid peroxidation, is a marker of oxidative stress. Propofol is widely used as a hypnotic agent in intensive care units and the operating room. Moreover, this agent has been reported to inhibit lipid peroxidation by directly scavenging reactive oxygen(More)