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BACKGROUND The beneficial effects of aspirin in atherosclerosis are generally attributed to its antiplatelet activities, but its influence on endothelial function remains uncertain. We hypothesized that a cyclooxygenase-dependent constricting factor contributes to the endothelial dysfunction in atherosclerosis and that its action can be reversed by aspirin.(More)
6264 hours of ambulatory ST segment monitoring of 150 unselected patients with proven coronary artery disease, who were off all routine anti-anginal treatments, showed 598 ischaemic episodes, of which 446 (75%) were silent (symptom-free). Most (68%) ischaemic episodes occurred between 0730 and 1930, with a peak in the morning and a lesser peak in the(More)
During the course of a case of primary pulmonary hypertension occurring in a 24 year old man lung tissue became available at heart-lung transplantation in 1986 and from a lung biopsy carried out in 1981. In 1986 the sections showed classic plexogenic pulmonary arteriopathy. In 1981 they revealed migration of myofibroblasts into the intima and lumen of(More)
Aortic root abscess is frequently a lethal complication of infective endocarditis. Early diagnosis of this complication is of paramount importance because antibiotic therapy is often ineffective and early surgery is probably the treatment of choice. We have compared the diagnostic accuracy of cross-sectional echocardiography with operative findings in the(More)
BACKGROUND Whether the abnormal responses of the human coronary circulation to acetylcholine in patients with hypertension and hypercholesterolemia extend to other, nonmuscarinic stimulators of the endothelium and whether this signifies a specific abnormality of NO is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 26 patients with angiographically normal(More)
We investigated 150 unselected patients with proven coronary artery disease. All patients were off all routine antianginal treatments and there were 598 ischemic episodes, of which 75% were silent. It was found that episodes of ischemia, both silent and painful, occurred predominantly during the daytime hours from 0730 to 1930 h. This pattern is similar to(More)
Our objectives were to (1) test the hypothesis that nitric oxide (NO) contributes to peak reactive hyperemia (RH) in the human peripheral vasculature, (2) examine the impact of atherosclerosis and its risk factors on RH, and (3) investigate whether L-arginine will improve RH in patients with endothelial dysfunction. The endothelium contributes to shear(More)
OBJECTIVES We determined the activity of nitric oxide at rest and after acetylcholine in the atherosclerotic human coronary circulation. BACKGROUND Although responses to acetylcholine, an endothelium-dependent vasodilator, are abnormal in patients with coronary atherosclerosis, whether this reflects abnormal nitric oxide activity in humans in vivo has not(More)
Twenty four hour ambulatory ST segment monitoring was performed on 48 members (43 players and five members of the management/technical team) of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) symphony orchestra without a history of cardiac disease. This period included final rehearsals and live performances (for audience and radio) of music by Richard Strauss(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the effects of atenolol, nifedipine and their combination on exercise parameters and ambulatory ischaemic activity in patients with mild chronic stable angina. SETTING Multicentre, multinational study involving 608 patients from 69 centres in nine countries. DESIGN Placebo washout followed by double-blind parallel-group study(More)