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Most people with acute gastroenteritis do not seek medical care and are therefore not captured by routine surveillance. For this reason, population-based studies are needed to measure the burden of illness. A study of acute gastroenteritis in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland surveyed 9,903 people by telephone over the 12-month period from(More)
In March 1999 armed conflict broke out in Kosova and about 900,000 ethnic Albanians were displaced. We reviewed the health care offered to the 945 Kosovan refugees who arrived in Ireland in 1999, which included screening for tuberculosis (TB) and hepatitis B. On arrival in Ireland 540 refugees had already received oral polio vaccine (57%), 512 diphtheria,(More)
The overnight low-dose dexamethasone test is a convenient screening procedure for Cushing's syndrome. Claims that the test is associated with a high incidence of 'false positives', rendering it of little value particularly in obese and hospital in-patients, have been investigated in the present study. The data from 100 consecutive subjects undergoing(More)
From 28 April 2009 to 3 October 2009, 205 cases of confirmed pandemic H1N1 influenza were hospitalised in Ireland. Detailed case-based epidemiological information was gathered on all hospitalised cases. Age-specific hospitalisation rates were highest in the age group of 15 to 19 year-olds and lowest in those aged 65 years and over. Nineteen hospitalised(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence, clinical characteristics and outcomes of critically ill patients in Ireland with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 infection, and to provide a dynamic assessment of the burden of such cases on Irish intensive care units. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Multicentre prospective observational study of all adult patients admitted to(More)
In Ireland, influenza and pneumococcal vaccines are recommended for adults aged 65 years and over and for those with chronic illness or immunosuppression. Influenza vaccine is recommended for healthcare workers (HCWs) and residents of long stay care facilities. Influenza vaccine uptake is only available for those aged 65 years and over. We conducted a(More)
Nine children with the early-onset variant of benign childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms had protracted, cerebral insult-like, ictal episodes of impairment of consciousness, vomiting, tonic deviation of the eyes and hemi-convulsions or generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Long term follow-up indicates that this is an entirely benign epileptic(More)
In December 1998, an outbreak of Vero cytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) O157 in a crèche affected ten out of 45 children and one out of five staff members. Eight cases were symptomatic and three were asymptomatic. There were two asymptomatic adult family contacts of child cases. All specimens were identified as VTEC O157:H7, phage type 32. None of(More)
From 28 April to 18 July 2009 there were 156 cases of pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza confirmed in Ireland. During this time, Ireland was in containment phase, and detailed case-based epidemiological information was gathered on all cases presenting in the community and acute health care setting. Active case finding was performed among contacts of cases. Eighty(More)
In May 2000, public health authorities in Dublin, Ireland, identified a cluster of unexplained severe illness among injecting drug users (IDUs). Similar clusters were also reported in Scotland and England. Concurrent investigations were undertaken to identify the aetiology and source of the illnesses. In Dublin, 22 IDUs were identified with injection-site(More)