Derrick M. Chu

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This study was conducted to investigate whether a single dose of nebulized budesonide effectively decreased airway inflammation as demonstrated by exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) levels. A single dose of nebulized budesonide, but not nebulized terbutaline, rapidly decreased eNO levels in 6 hours. The decrease in eNO levels induced by nebulized budesonide was(More)
The human microbiome, the collective genome of the microbial community that is on and within us, has recently been mapped. The initial characterization of healthy subjects has provided investigators with a reference population for interrogating the microbiome in metabolic, intestinal, and reproductive health and disease states. Although it is known that(More)
Human microbial communities are characterized by their taxonomic, metagenomic and metabolic diversity, which varies by distinct body sites and influences human physiology. However, when and how microbial communities within each body niche acquire unique taxonomical and functional signatures in early life remains underexplored. We thus sought to determine(More)
Hypokalemia is a common side effect in adult asthmatic patients on beta 2 adrenergic therapy. There is limited information in regard to hypokalemia and its relation to the clinical responses following administration of beta 2 agonist therapy in children with asthma. We observed that salbutamol inhalation significantly improved asthmatic symptoms as(More)
The causes of preterm birth are multifactorial, but its association with infection has been well-established. The predominant paradigm describes an ascending infection from the lower genital tract through the cervix and into the presumably sterile fetal membranes and placenta. Thus, an evaluation of the role of the vaginal microbiome in preterm birth is(More)
Emerging evidence suggests that the in utero environment is not sterile as once presumed. Work in the mouse demonstrated transmission of commensal bacteria from mother to fetus during gestation, though it is unclear what modulates this process. We have previously shown in the nonhuman primate that, independent of obesity, a maternal high-fat diet during(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), following intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), is epigenetically heritable. Recently, we abrogated the F2 adult phenotype with essential nutrient supplementation (ENS) of intermediates along the 1-carbon pathway. With the use of the same grandparental uterine artery ligation model, we profiled the F2 serum metabolome at weaning(More)
Evidence supporting the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Hypothesis indicates that maternal nutrition in pregnancy has a significant impact on offspring disease risk later in life, likely by modulating developmental processes in utero. Gut microbiota have recently been explored as a potential mediating factor, as dietary components strongly(More)
Childhood undernutrition accounts for nearly half of all deaths in infants under the age of five worldwide, and efforts to restore adequate nutritional intake in early infancy have produced only modest outcomes. A proposed alternative is to alter the population of bacteria that inhabits the intestine, known as the gut microbiota, which modulates intestinal(More)