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Craniosynostosis, or the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures, is a relatively common congenital defect that causes a number of morphologic and functional abnormalities. With advances in genetics and molecular biology, research of craniosynostosis has progressed from describing gross abnormalities to understanding the molecular interactions that(More)
Adipose-derived adult stem cells (ASCs), like their bone-marrow derived counterparts, possess the ability to differentiate down osteogenic, chondrogenic, adipogenic, and myogenic pathways. For bone differentiation of mouse ASCs (mASCs), retinoic-acid mediated upregulation of BMPR-IB has been found to be necessary. Interestingly, our previous work has also(More)
BACKGROUND Human adipose-derived stromal cells possess a great potential for tissue engineering purposes. The authors' laboratory is interested in harnessing human adipose-derived stromal cells for skeletal tissue regeneration and identifying those factors that enhance human adipose-derived stromal cell osteogenic differentiation. The authors hypothesized(More)
Organs are composites of tissue types with diverse developmental origins, and they rely on distinct stem and progenitor cells to meet physiological demands for cellular production and homeostasis. How diverse stem cell activity is coordinated within organs is not well understood. Here we describe a lineage-restricted, self-renewing common skeletal(More)
Patients with congenital craniofacial malformations present with complex challenges for reconstruction. Successful management requires individualized treatment often involving rebuilding the facial skeleton de novo, as well as correcting the overlying soft-tissue deficiencies in the final stages. At the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)(More)
Craniofacial skeletal repair and regeneration offers the promise of de novo tissue formation through a cell-based approach utilizing stem cells. Adipose-derived stromal cells (ASCs) have proven to be an abundant source of multipotent stem cells capable of undergoing osteogenic, chondrogenic, adipogenic, and myogenic differentiation. Many studies have(More)
Normal craniofacial development is contingent upon coordinated growth between the brain and overlying calvaria. Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of one or more cranial sutures, perturbs this natural framework, resulting in dramatic dysmorphology of the skull and face along with a multitude of associated functional abnormalities. Traditional approaches(More)
Although the multilineage potential of human adipose-derived adult stromal cells (ADAS) has been well described, few published studies have investigated the biological and molecular mechanisms underlying osteogenic differentiation of mouse ADAS. We report here that significant osteogenesis, as determined by gene expression and histological analysis, is(More)
With adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) at the forefront of research and potential clinical applications, it is important that clinicians be able to distinguish them from the fat grafting currently used clinically and to understand how the two approaches relate to one another. At times, there has been confusion in clinically considering the two therapies to(More)
Several investigations have demonstrated a precise balance to exist between bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) agonists and antagonists, dictating BMP signaling and osteogenesis. We report a novel approach to manipulate BMP activity through a down-regulation of the potent BMP antagonist Noggin, and examined the effects on the bone forming capacity of(More)