Dermot Lynott

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As embodied theories of cognition are increasingly formalized and tested, care must be taken to make informed assumptions regarding the nature of concepts and representations. In this study, we outline three reasons why one cannot, in effect, represent the same concept twice. First, online perception affects offline representation: Current representational(More)
Abstract concepts are traditionally thought to differ from concrete concepts by their lack of perceptual information, which causes them to be processed more slowly and less accurately than perceptually-based concrete concepts. In two studies, we examined this assumption by comparing concreteness and imageability ratings to a set of perceptual strength norms(More)
Noun-noun compounds play a key role in the growth of language. In this article we present a system for Producing and Understanding Noun-Noun Compounds (PUNC). PUNC is based on the Constraint theory of conceptual combination and the C 3 model. The new model incorporates the primary constraints of the Constraint theory in an integrated fashion, creating a(More)
Theories of embodied cognition hold that the conceptual system uses perceptual simulations for the purposes of representation. A strong prediction is that perceptual phenomena should emerge in conceptual processing, and, in support, previous research has shown that switching modalities from one trial to the next incurs a processing cost during conceptual(More)
Previous research has shown that people use both embodied perceptual simulations and linguistic distributional knowledge during conceptual processing, with linguistic information especially useful for shallow tasks and rapid responding. Using two conceptual combination tasks, we show that this linguistic shortcut is evident in both shallow and deep(More)
People often have attitudes and biases of which they may not be consciously aware. The implicit association test (IAT) is one of the key tools used to investigate such attitudes, especially when it comes to controversial topics (e.g., racial prejudice). In an IAT, participants categorise stimuli (words/pictures) that are paired with either positive or(More)
Related words/concepts prime one another, but the notion of semantic relatedness is notoriously difficult to pin down and may be due to linguistic association (reflecting the likelihood of two words appearing in shared/similar contexts) and/or true semantic overlap (reflecting how similar two words are in conceptual representation). In the present work, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Racism is related to policies preferences and behaviors that adversely affect blacks and appear related to a fear of blacks (e.g., increased policing, death penalty). This study examined whether racism is also related to gun ownership and opposition to gun controls in US whites. METHOD The most recent data from the American National Election(More)
People often have thoughts, attitudes and biases that are not themselves consciously aware of or that they would rather not share with others. To assess such attitudes, researchers use paradigms like the Implicit Association Test (IAT) that do not rely on explicit responding to determine the level of bias a person holds towards a particular target concept(More)