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Skin testing with a suspected drug has been reported to be helpful in determining the cause of cutaneous adverse drug reactions (CADR). Many isolated reports of positive drug skin tests are published, but without detailed information concerning the clinical features of the CADR and the method used in performing drug skin tests, such data are not very(More)
Monocyte-derived dendritic cell functions have been explored for identification of contact allergens in vitro. Current methods, including measurement of changes in cell surface marker expression (e.g. CD83, CD86) do not provide a sensitive method for detecting the sensitising potential of a chemical. In this study, we investigated whether chemokine(More)
In this study, the applicability of a symptom-based questionnaire on hand dermatitis was assessed in a population of rubber workers. The questionnaire was previously validated in a study among nurses. 224 subjects employed in 9 different companies completed a questionnaire on skin complaints. Subsequently, 202 workers attended the physical examination of(More)
The immune system is called into action by alarm signals generated from injured tissues. We examined the nature of these alarm signals after exposure of skin residential cells to contact allergens (nickel sulfate and potassium dichromate) and a contact irritant [sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)]. Nickel sulfate, potassium dichromate, and SDS were applied(More)
Allergic contact dermatitis results from a T-cell-mediated, delayed-type hypersensitivity immune response induced by allergens. Skin dendritic cells (DCs) play a central role in the initiation of allergic skin responses. Following encounter with an allergen, DCs become activated and undergo maturation and differentiate into immunostimulatory DCs and are(More)
The initial step in Langerhans cell (LC) migration from the epidermis to the lymph node involves migration of maturing LC into the dermis. Here, we investigated the migration of LC out of the epidermis after exposure of the skin to contact allergens. Ex vivo intact human skin, epidermal sheets, and LC derived from the MUTZ-3 cell line (MUTZ-LC) were used to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The aims of this study are two-fold: To determine intra-individual volume changes of the lower legs in the course of a working day in healthy employees with a standing position at work; to relate complaints of the legs in healthy employees with volume changes in the course of the day. METHODS Physical examination and Doppler ultrasound(More)
Type 1 and type 2 cytokines are primary mediators in contact allergy and aeroallergen-mediated disorders, respectively. For both types of disease, dendritic cells (DCs) are pivotal in initiating immune hyperresponsiveness. We studied whether contact and respiratory allergens possess intrinsic capacities to polarize DC towards DC1 and DC2 functions,(More)
To determine whether the prevalence of allergic reactions to certain preservatives warrants their inclusion in a routine series for patch testing, a tray of 14 preservatives was tested in 501 consecutive suspected contact dermatitis patients. More than 1% positive reactions were found with DMDM hydantoin, Kathon CG, and alkyl trimethyl ammonium chloride(More)
The gold standard for the diagnosis of allergic hypersensitivity is skin patch testing with the suspected allergens. This diagnostic tool, however, has distinct disadvantages, and therefore the development of alternative or complementary in vitro tests is of great importance. In this study, we evaluate the applicability of an in vitro test method, as(More)