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A group of patients with damage to the ventral part of the frontal lobes was severely impaired relative to a group of patients without damage in this area (the non-ventral group) in the reversal and in the extinction of simple visual discrimination tests. In these tests they continued to make responses to a previously rewarded stimulus. Patients often(More)
Impairments in the identification of facial and vocal emotional expression were demonstrated in a group of patients with ventral frontal lobe damage who had socially inappropriate behaviour. The expression identification impairments could occur independently of perceptual impairments in facial recognition, voice discrimination, or environmental sound(More)
Motor rehabilitation therapy is commonly employed after strokes, but outcomes are variable and there is little specific information about the changes in brain activity that are associated with improved function. We performed serial functional MRI (fMRI) on a group of seven patients receiving a form of rehabilitation therapy after stroke in order to(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether plant-derived cannabis medicinal extracts (CME) can alleviate neurogenic symptoms unresponsive to standard treatment, and to quantify adverse effects. DESIGN A consecutive series of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled single-patient cross-over trials with two-week treatment periods. SETTING Patients attended as(More)
The object of this study was to monitor the safety and efficacy of long-term use of an oromucosal cannabis-based medicine (CBM) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A total of 137 MS patients with symptoms not controlled satisfactorily using standard drugs entered this open-label trial following a 10-week, placebo-controlled study. Patients were(More)
After head injuries, particularly mild or moderate ones, a range of post-concussion symptoms (PCS) are often reported by patients. Such symptoms may significantly affect patients' psychosocial functioning. To date, no measure of the severity of PCS has been developed. This study presents the Rivermead Post Concussion Symptoms Questionnaire (RPQ) as such a(More)
The posterior parietal cortex, particularly in the right hemisphere, is crucially important for covert orienting; lesions impair the ability to disengage the focus of covert orienting attention from one potential saccade target to another (Posner, M. I. et al., Journal of Neuroscience, 1984, 4, 1863-1874). We have developed a task where precues allow(More)
We investigated the association between the degree of lesion overlap with the corticospinal tract and walking performance before and after 4-weeks of partial body weight support (PBWS) treadmill training in 18 individuals (ten male, eight female) with a mean age 59 +/- 13 years (mean +/- SD), range 32-74 years, who were ambulant and 6 months from a(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the reliability and validity of verbal fluency testing in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN Each patient was assessed twice 7-14 days apart on a test of phonological fluency and again 7-14 days later when half of the patients were assessed for phonological fluency by a second assessor while the other half was assessed by(More)