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The 10 Be concentrations of river sediments from the Ganges have been measured in order to constrain long-term, spatially averaged erosion rates in a major Himalayan catchment. The data quantify, for the first time, large-scale erosion rates in a major orogenic belt. Erosion rates are highest in the High Himalaya and, overall, the data demonstrate a close(More)
Atmospheric CO2 fluctuations over glacial-interglacial cycles remain a major challenge to our understanding of the carbon cycle and the climate system. Leading hypotheses put forward to explain glacial-interglacial atmospheric CO2 variations invoke changes in deep-ocean carbon storage, probably modulated by processes in the Southern Ocean, where much of the(More)
Rivers are the dominant source of many elements and isotopes to the ocean. But this input from the continents is not balanced by the loss of the elements and isotopes through hydrothermal and sedimentary exchange with the oceanic crust, or by temporal changes in the marine inventory for elements that are demonstrably not in steady state. To resolve the(More)
[1] Neodymium isotopic compositions (e Nd) and rare earth element (REE) concentrations were measured for filtered surface to deep waters (112 samples) in the Southern Tropical Pacific. The relatively detailed picture of these tracer distributions allowed us to refine the areas where oceanic e Nd variations occur. e Nd values increase for most of the water(More)
The mouse brain K+ channel (MBK), previously cloned by others, has been independently cloned and shown to express in Xenopus oocytes. This K+ current (IK) inactivated over a time course of seconds and was sensitive to the K+ channel-blocking reagent tetraethylammonium. When the K+ channel was coexpressed with a cloned mouse brain serotonin receptor (5HT1c)(More)
Chemical weathering of the continents is central to the regulation of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, and hence global climate. On million-year timescales silicate weathering leads to the draw-down of carbon dioxide, and on millennial timescales chemical weathering affects the calcium carbonate saturation state of the oceans and hence their(More)
The early diversification of animals (∼ 630 Ma), and their development into both motile and macroscopic forms (∼ 575-565 Ma), has been linked to stepwise increases in the oxygenation of Earth's surface environment. However, establishing such a linkage between oxygen and evolution for the later Cambrian 'explosion' (540-520 Ma) of new, energy-sapping body(More)
[1] The balance of processes that control elemental distributions in the modern oceans is important in understanding both their internal recycling and the rate and nature of their eventual output to sediment. Here we seek to evaluate the likely controls on the vertical profiles of Cu and Zn. Though the concentrations of both Cu and Zn increase with depth,(More)
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