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Homologous hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs) of the plant extracellular matrix include extensins, repetitive proline-rich proteins (RPRPs), some nodulins, gum arabic glycoprotein (GAGP), arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs), and chimeric proteins such as potato lectin which contain an extensin module fused to a lectin. The key to the role of HRGPs in(More)
Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are implicated in cell expansion by unknown mechanisms, thus AGP content and cell-expansion rate might be correlated. We used Yariv reagent to quantify release rates and distribution of AGP at the cell surface of tobacco BY-2 cells: plasma membrane (M); soluble periplasmic AGPs released by cell rupture (S); cell wall (W); and(More)
Cytokinesis partitions the cell by a cleavage furrow in animals but by a new cross wall in plants. How this new wall assembles at the molecular level and connects with the mother cell wall remains unclear. A lethal Arabidopsis embryogenesis mutant designated root-, shoot-, hypocotyl-defective (rsh) provides some clues: RSH encodes extensin AtEXT3, a(More)
BACKGROUND Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) are ubiquitous in green plants. AGPs comprise a widely varied group of hydroxyproline (Hyp)-rich cell surface glycoproteins (HRGPs). However, the more narrowly defined classical AGPs massively predominate and cover the plasma membrane. Extensive glycosylation by pendant polysaccharides O-linked to numerous Hyp(More)
Extensins and kindred hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins occur in dicot cell walls mainly as insoluble integral components that may form an intermolecularly cross-linked network interpenetrated by other polymers. Extensins also occur in muro as a small pool of soluble monomeric precursors to network extensin. These precursors were prepared in milligram(More)
A synthetic gene encoding the fusion protein (Ala-Hyp)(51)-enhanced green fluorescent protein expressed in Nicotiana tabacum cells produced a fusion glycoprotein with all proline residues hydroxylated and substituted with an arabinogalactan polysaccharide. Alkaline hydrolysis of the fusion glycoprotein yielded a population of hydroxyproline(More)
Most aspects of plant growth involve cell surface hydroxyproline (Hyp)-rich glycoproteins (HRGPs) whose properties depend on arabinogalactan polysaccharides and arabinosides that define the molecular surface. Potential glycosylation sites are defined by an O-Hyp glycosylation code: contiguous Hyp directs arabinosylation. Clustered non-contiguous Hyp directs(More)
Arabinogalactan-proteins (AGPs) are a family of hydroxy-proline-rich glycoproteins implicated to function in plant growth and development. This report focuses on a novel, modular AGP found in tomato, LeAGP-1, which was predicted by DNA cloning and herein verified at the protein level as a major AGP component. LeAGP-1 was isolated from tomato(More)