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Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is a heterogeneous late-onset disease involving skeletal muscle wasting and heart defects caused, in a minority of cases, by mutations in either of two genes encoding the inner nuclear membrane (INM) proteins, emerin and lamins A/C. Nesprin-1 and -2 are multi-isomeric, spectrin-repeat proteins that bind both emerin(More)
BACKGROUND Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome is a rare inherited disorder of premature aging caused by mutations in LMNA or Zmpste24 that disrupt nuclear lamin A processing, leading to the accumulation of prelamin A. Patients develop severe premature arteriosclerosis characterized by vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) calcification and attrition. (More)
Nesprin-2 is a multi-isomeric, modular protein composed of variable numbers of spectrin-repeats linked to a C-terminal transmembrane domain and/or to N-terminal paired calponin homology (CH) domains. The smaller isoforms of nesprin-2 co-localize with and bind lamin A and emerin at the inner nuclear envelope (NE). In SW-13 cells, which lack lamin A/C,(More)
Like other spectrin repeat proteins, nesprins co-ordinate and maintain cellular architecture by linking membranous organelles to the cytoskeleton. However nuclear envelope (NE) nesprins, uniquely hardwire the nuclear lamina to the cytoskeleton and molecular motors. Emerging evidence suggests that nesprins also form a continuous network linking the plasma(More)
Sla1p is a protein required for cortical actin patch structure and organisation in budding yeast. Here we use a combination of immunofluorescence microscopy and biochemical approaches to demonstrate interactions of Sla1p both with proteins regulating actin dynamics and with proteins required for endocytosis. Using Sla1p-binding studies we reveal association(More)
OBJECTIVE Reactive oxygen species-generating nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-oxidase proteins (Noxs) are involved in cell differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Nox4 is unique among Noxs in being constitutively active, and its subcellular localization may therefore be particularly important. In this study, we identified and(More)
The importance of a dynamic actin cytoskeleton for facilitating endocytosis has been recognised for many years in budding yeast and is increasingly recognised in mammalian cells. However, the mechanism for actin recruitment and the role it plays in endocytosis is unclear. Here we show the importance of two yeast proteins in this process. We demonstrate that(More)
The importance of coupling the process of endocytosis to factors that regulate actin dynamics has been clearly demonstrated in yeast, and many proteins involved in these mechanisms have been identified. Sla1p is a well-characterized yeast protein that binds both to activators of actin dynamics, Las17p and Pan1p, and to cargo proteins, such as the pheromone(More)
Nuclear and cytoplasmic scaffold proteins have been shown to be essential for temporal and spatial organization, as well as the fidelity, of MAPK signaling pathways. In this study we show that nesprin-2 is a novel extracellular signal-regulated MAPK1 and 2 (ERK1/2) scaffold protein that serves to regulate nuclear signaling by tethering these kinases at(More)
Nesprins are a recently discovered family of ubiquitously expressed intracellular proteins. Through alternative transcriptional initiation, termination and splicing, two genes - nesprin-1 and nesprin-2 (also known as syne-1 and syne-2) - give rise to many protein isoforms that vary markedly in size. The largest of these isoforms comprise a C-terminal(More)