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Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is linked to mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) or calsequestrin. We recently found that the drug flecainide inhibits RyR2 channels and prevents CPVT in mice and humans. Here we compared the effects of flecainide and tetracaine, a known RyR2 inhibitor ineffective in CPVT myocytes,(More)
1. The effects of cytosolic ATP on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ regulation were investigated in saponin-permeabilised rat ventricular myocytes. [Ca2+] within the cells was monitored using Fura-2 or Fluo-3 fluorescence. Spontaneous cyclic Ca2+ release from the SR was induced by increasing the bathing [Ca2+] to 200-300 nM, in solutions weakly Ca2+(More)
Detubulation of rat ventricular myocytes has been used to investigate the role of the t-tubules in Ca2+ cycling during excitation-contraction coupling in rat ventricular myocytes. Ca2+ was monitored using fluo-3 and confocal microscopy. In control myocytes, electrical stimulation caused a spatially uniform increase in intracellular [Ca2+] across the cell(More)
Endogenous carbon monoxide (CO) is generated through the heme oxygenase-catalysed degradation of heme and is now established as an important, biologically active molecule capable of modulating a number of signalling pathways. Such pathways include those involving nitric oxide/guanylate cyclase, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and MAP kinases. In the heart,(More)
Confocal imaging was used to study the influence of cytosolic ATP on the properties of spontaneous Ca(2+) sparks in permeabilized ventricular myocytes. Cells were perfused with mock intracellular solutions containing fluo 3. Reducing [ATP] to <0.5 mmol/L decreased the frequency but increased the amplitude of spontaneous Ca(2+) sparks. In the presence of 20(More)
RATIONALE Clinical reports describe life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias after environmental exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) or accidental CO poisoning. Numerous case studies describe disruption of repolarization and prolongation of the QT interval, yet the mechanisms underlying CO-induced arrhythmias are unknown. OBJECTIVES To understand the cellular(More)
Changes in skeletal muscle volume induce localized sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release (LCR) events, which are sustained for many minutes, suggesting a possible signaling role in plasticity or pathology. However, the mechanism by which cell volume influences SR Ca(2+) release is uncertain. In the present study, rat flexor digitorum brevis fibers were(More)
Previous studies have used analysis of Ca(2+) sparks extensively to investigate both normal and pathological Ca(2+) regulation in cardiac myocytes. The great majority of these studies used line-scan confocal imaging. In part, this is because the development of open-source software for automatic detection of Ca(2+) sparks in line-scan images has greatly(More)
OBJECTIVE In vitro experiments have shown that the ryanodine receptor-2 (RyR2) central domain peptide DPc10 (Gly(2460)-Pro(2495)) mimics channel dysfunction associated with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) by acting competitively to reduce stabilizing interactions between the N-terminal and central domains. In the present study,(More)