Derek S. Steele

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Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is linked to mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) or calsequestrin. We recently found that the drug flecainide inhibits RyR2 channels and prevents CPVT in mice and humans. Here we compared the effects of flecainide and tetracaine, a known RyR2 inhibitor ineffective in CPVT myocytes,(More)
OBJECTIVE In vitro experiments have shown that the ryanodine receptor-2 (RyR2) central domain peptide DPc10 (Gly(2460)-Pro(2495)) mimics channel dysfunction associated with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) by acting competitively to reduce stabilizing interactions between the N-terminal and central domains. In the present study,(More)
Ca release via type 2 ryanodine receptors (RyR2) regulates cardiac function. Molecular cloning of human RyR2 identified 2 alternatively spliced variants, comprising 30and 24-bp sequence insertions; yet their role in shaping cardiomyocyte Ca signaling and cell phenotype is unknown. We profiled the developmental regulation and the tissue and species(More)
1. Caffeine (10 mM) induced a transient contracture in saponin-treated cardiac trabeculae as a result of Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). Regular cycles of uptake and release were repeated to stabilize responses. The SR accumulated Ca2+ during the period prior to the addition of caffeine and this was reflected in the size of the caffeine(More)
1. The effects of cytosolic ATP on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ regulation were investigated in saponin-permeabilised rat ventricular myocytes. [Ca2+] within the cells was monitored using Fura-2 or Fluo-3 fluorescence. Spontaneous cyclic Ca2+ release from the SR was induced by increasing the bathing [Ca2+] to 200-300 nM, in solutions weakly Ca2+(More)
Changes in skeletal muscle volume induce localized sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca(2+) release (LCR) events, which are sustained for many minutes, suggesting a possible signaling role in plasticity or pathology. However, the mechanism by which cell volume influences SR Ca(2+) release is uncertain. In the present study, rat flexor digitorum brevis fibers were(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is associated, in the majority of cases, with mutations in RYR1, the gene encoding the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor. Our primary aim was to assess whether different RYR1 variants are associated with quantitative differences in MH phenotype. METHODS The degree of in vitro pharmacological muscle contracture(More)
1. The effect of caffeine and adenine nucleotides on the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release mechanism was investigated in permeabilized frog skeletal muscle fibres. Caffeine was rapidly applied and the resulting release of Ca2+ from the SR detected using fura-2 fluorescence. Decreasing the [ATP] from 5 to 0.1 mM reduced the caffeine-induced Ca2+(More)
Oxidants have been suggested to enhance contractile function in unfatigued muscle. In this study we aimed to determine the effect of oxidants on "chemically skinned" diaphragm muscle fibre bundles. The sarcoplasmic reticulum and contractile proteins were exposed to superoxide anions (O2-) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) under controlled conditions. Application(More)
Detubulation of rat ventricular myocytes has been used to investigate the role of the t-tubules in Ca2+ cycling during excitation-contraction coupling in rat ventricular myocytes. Ca2+ was monitored using fluo-3 and confocal microscopy. In control myocytes, electrical stimulation caused a spatially uniform increase in intracellular [Ca2+] across the cell(More)