Derek Partridge

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In this paper we address the problem of constructing reliable neural-net implementations, given the assumption that any particular implementation will not be totally correct. The approach taken in this paper is to organize the inevitable errors so as to minimize their impact in the context of a multiversion system, i.e., the system functionality is(More)
The topic of this paper is the exploitation of diversity to enhance computer system reliability. It is well-established that a diverse system composed of multiple alternative versions is more reliable than any single version alone, and this knowledge has occasionally been exploited in safety-critical applications. However, it is not clear what this property(More)
For a variety of reasons, the relative impacts of neural-net inputs on the output of a network’s computation is valuable information to obtain. In particular, it is desirable to identify the significant features, or inputs, of a data-defined problem before the data is sufficiently preprocessed to enable high performance neural-net training. We have defined(More)
In this paper we critically survey the AI programs that have been developed to exhibit some aspect of creative behaviour. We describe five necessary characteristics of models of creativity, and we apply these characteristics to help assess the programs surveyed. These characteristic features also provide a basis for a new theory of creative behavior: an(More)
In earlier studies of multiversion programming, both empirical and analytical, emphasis switched from notions of independence to one of minimization of coincident failure. We show that neither independence of failure, nor lack of coincident failure are the single important properties. Indeed, an N-version system may deliver an optimal performance (under(More)
A multiple classifier system can only improve the performance when the members in the system are diverse from each other. Combining some methodologically different techniques is considered a constructive way to expand the diversity. This paper investigates the diversity between the two different data mining techniques, neural networks and automatically(More)
We assess the relative merits of a number of techniques designed to determine the relative salience of the elements of a feature set with respect to their ability to predict a category outcome-for example, which features of a character contribute most to accurate character recognition. A number of different neural-net-based techniques have been proposed (by(More)