Derek O'Reilly

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Excess adiposity is an established risk factor for incident colorectal cancer (CRC) but whether this association extrapolates to poorer survival is unclear. We undertook a systematic review to examine relationships between measures of adiposity and survival in patients with CRC. For distinction, we included pre-diagnosis exposure and CRC-related mortality.(More)
Cytochrome P450IIEI (CYP2E1) is an ethanol-inducible enzyme. Recently, several novel polymorphisms in the CYP2E1 gene have been identified. A polymorphism at position -35 [G(-35)T] appears to be of functional significance in transcription assays. The aim of this study was to investigate if this and other polymorphisms, at position -1019 [C(-1019)T], 4808(More)
PURPOSE Adjuvant chemotherapy improves patient survival rates after resection for pancreatic adenocarcinoma, but the optimal duration and time to initiate chemotherapy is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma treated within the international, phase III, European Study Group for Pancreatic Cancer-3 (version 2) study(More)
BACKGROUND The ESPAC-3 trial showed that adjuvant gemcitabine is the standard of care based on similar survival to and less toxicity than adjuvant 5-fluorouracil/folinic acid in patients with resected pancreatic cancer. Other clinical trials have shown better survival and tumour response with gemcitabine and capecitabine than with gemcitabine alone in(More)
Nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) is an important transcription factor that is involved in the response to oxidative stress and inflammation. Recent studies suggest that it may be involved in the development of diabetic microvascular complications. A highly polymorphic (CA) dinucleotide repeat microsatellite has been identified in the regulatory region of(More)
BACKGROUND Surgery for colorectal liver metastases results in an overall survival of about 40% at 5 years. Progression-free survival is increased with the addition of oxaliplatin and fluorouracil chemotherapy. The addition of cetuximab to these chemotherapy regimens results in an overall survival advantage in patients with advanced disease who have the KRAS(More)
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common emergency condition. In the majority of cases, it presents in a mild and self-limited form. However, about 20% of patients develop severe disease with local pancreatic complications (including necrosis, abscess, or pseudocysts), systemic organ dysfunction, or both. A modern classification of AP severity has recently been(More)
Intestinal secretory movement of the fluoroquinolone antibiotic, ciprofloxacin, may limit its oral bioavailability. Active ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters such as breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) have been implicated in ciprofloxacin transport. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that BCRP alone mediates intestinal ciprofloxacin(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Mutations in the cationic trypsinogen gene have been detected in patients with hereditary pancreatitis (HP). This study investigates the prevalence of the R122H, N29I, A16V and -28delTCC mutations in the common, non-hereditary forms of chronic pancreatitis and in a HP family. METHODS DNA was prepared from blood samples of 53 patients with(More)