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The allele frequency net database (http://www.allelefrequencies.net) is an online repository that contains information on the frequencies of immune genes and their corresponding alleles in different populations. The extensive variability observed in genes and alleles related to the immune system response and its significance in transplantation, disease(More)
The mtDNA genome has been implicated as playing a pivotal role in determining the longevity and success of the human lifespan. A PCR-RFLP methodology was used to identify polymorphic restriction enzyme sites within a 2643 bp region of the mtDNA genome and a table of genetic haplotypes for a healthy aged and a younger control cohort of patients was(More)
There has been an explosion in population studies determining the frequency of KIR genes. However, there is still limited knowledge of allele and haplotype frequencies in different populations. The present study aims to determine the haplotype frequencies using allele information on ten genes and presence/absence of the other seven genes in the parents of(More)
A new website (http://www.allelefrequencies.net) has been compiled to execute the frequency of alleles at various polymorphic regions of different populations in the field of histocompatibility and immunogenetics. Data for HLA alleles has been added but this will be extended to include frequency data of polymorphisms in other immunogenetic regions, e.g.(More)
Whole genome comparisons identified introgression from archaic to modern humans. Our analysis of highly polymorphic human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I, vital immune system components subject to strong balancing selection, shows how modern humans acquired the HLA-B*73 allele in west Asia through admixture with archaic humans called Denisovans, a likely(More)
Killer immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypes were analyzed from panels of lung (non-small-cell lung cancer [NSCLC] and small-cell lung cancer [SCLC]), colon, and kidney cancer patients and compared with normal control subjects. No significant differences were noted between KIR gene frequencies in patients compared(More)
Polymorphism of the human leukocyte antigen has been implicated in a number of autoimmune disorders including ageing. In the course of the present study, no association of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A1, B8, DR3 haplotype with a male Irish aged population, as previously reported, was observed. Two polymorphic nucleotides in the TNF cluster (G-308A(More)
The release of cytokines is of crucial importance in the regulation of the type and magnitude of the immune response in the elderly. A number of studies have shown different levels of cytokine production in the elderly. In the present study, a range of polymorphisms were chosen within the genes of cytokines (IL-2, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12 and IFN-gamma)(More)
The frequency of various allele types of the class I Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) genes HLA-A and HLA-B were compared between pathologically confirmed groups of late and early-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) and a control group. DNA was extracted from frozen brain tissue and the highly polymorphic second and third exons of the HLA-A and HLA-B genes(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells recognize the absence of self MHC class I as a way to discriminate normal cells from cells in distress. In humans, this "missing self" recognition is ensured by inhibitory receptors such as KIR, which dampen NK cell activation upon interaction with their MHC class I ligands. We show here that NK cells lacking inhibitory KIR for(More)