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Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, or keratosis palmoplantaris with periodontopathia (PLS, MIM 245000), is an autosomal recessive disorder that is mainly ascertained by dentists because of the severe periodontitis that afflicts patients. Both the deciduous and permanent dentitions are affected, resulting in premature tooth loss. Palmoplantar keratosis, varying from(More)
Invasion is a clinically important problem contributing to mortality and morbidity in patients with gliomas, but the mechanism(s) by which glioma cells invade surrounding brain structures is poorly understood. Various experimental models have been used in attempts to elucidate the process of glioma invasion. An in vitro model which is increasingly being(More)
We have previously reported that loss-of-function mutations in the cathepsin C gene (CTSC) result in Papillon-Lefèvre syndrome, an autosomal recessive condition characterized by palmoplantar keratosis and early-onset, severe periodontitis. Others have also reported CTSC mutations in patients with severe prepubertal periodontitis, but without any skin(More)
Proteases such as matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), cysteine- and serine-proteinases are capable of degrading extracellular matrix and basement membranes and have been implicated in human brain tumours. MMPs are a homologous family of zinc-dependent proteases. Within this group, attention has been focused on the gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9) which are(More)
Early local invasion by astrocytoma cells results in tumor recurrence even after apparent total surgical resection, leading to the poor prognosis associated with malignant astrocytomas. Proteolytic enzymes have been implicated in facilitating tumor cell invasion and the current study was designed to characterize the expression of the cysteine proteinase(More)
Cysteine proteinases have been implicated in astrocytoma invasion. We recently demonstrated that cathepsin S (CatS) expression is up-regulated in astrocytomas and provided evidence for a potential role in astrocytoma invasion (Flannery et al., Am J Path 2003;163(1):175-82). We aimed to evaluate the significance of CatS in human astrocytoma progression and(More)
Glioma invasion is a complex process involving interactions of tumour cells with host cells and extracellular matrix (ECM). The initial event in the process is recognition and attachment of glioma cells to specific ECM molecules prior to migration into proteolytically modified matrix. In comparison with other tissues, brain ECM is a relatively amorphous(More)
Glutamine synthetase (GS) activity was measured in selected areas of three normal brains and in 262 biopsies from patients with suspected intracranial tumours. In general, levels were higher in grey matter than in white matter and the highest activities of all were found in the hypothalamus which is consistent with its high glutamatergic activity. In the(More)
There is evidence from investigations of non-CNS neoplasms that secreted proteolytic enzymes may facilitate tumour invasion by partially degrading extracellular matrix (ECM). Among the enzymes which may be involved are members of the cysteine proteinase superfamily and especially cathepsin B (CB). In the present investigation we have studied CB in human(More)
A permanent cell line has been established from a human intracranial secondary melanoma. During 3 years of continuous growth in vitro the cells have maintained their characteristic phenotypic properties including melanin production. The cultured cells are highly tumorigenic in the athymic mouse and the tumours produced are histologically identical to the(More)