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Neurons in the myenteric plexus of Auerbach of the jejunum, ileum, colon and rectum in 6- and 24-month-old rats have been visualised by an enzyme histochemical method in laminar preparations of the muscularis externa. Neuron somata numbers and sizes were recorded in the preparations. Significant reductions, of at least 40%, in the numbers of neurons in the(More)
Noradrenergic nerves were demonstrated in stretch preparations of Auerbach's plexus and longitudinal muscle from the proximal jejunum of Wistar rats using glyoxylic acid-induced fluorescence. The density of the noradrenergic nerve plexus and the number of nerve terminal varicosities/frame area were assessed using a Quantimet 800 image analyser and the(More)
The neuron cell bodies and microvessels in sections of the nodose (vagal sensory) ganglion (NG) of Wistar rats of 4- and 24-months of age have been examined morphometrically and by quantitative enzyme histochemistry. The range of neuronal somata areas was similar at the two ages and distributed unimodally, ranging approximately from 200-1500 microns 2 with(More)
The ability of carbachol and isoprenaline to contract and relax respectively the longitudinal layer of ileal smooth muscle has been compared in rats aged six and twenty-four months. The concentration response curve to carbachol did not vary with the age of the animal. In contrast, the ability of isoprenaline to relax longitudinal smooth muscle precontracted(More)
Morphometric measurements have been made by light and electron microscopy on sections of perfused sympathetic ganglia from rats of 6-24 months of age with special reference to the microvascular bed. Capillaries, postcapillary venules and small venules comprised the majority of the vessels studied but small arterioles were, in addition, included in the light(More)
Morphometric measurements have been made on rat sympathetic neurons at ages between 6 and 24 months. In neurons of the coeliac-superior mesenteric ganglion there is a marked decrease in the neuronal packing density between 12 and 18 months which is accompanied by increases in the size of the neurons and their nuclei. In the superior cervical ganglion, no(More)
1. The arrangement of the sympathetic innervation of the myenteric plexus varies between mammalian species. 2. In larger mammals the density of sympathetic innervation of the myenteric plexus is significantly less than in small (less then 1 kg) species. 3. The number of varicosities on the terminal parts of sympathetic neurons innervating the gut is(More)
An accurately validated method was developed for quantitative determination of succinate dehydrogenase (EC 1.3.99.1; SDH) activity in individual sympathetic neuron perikarya by microdensitometric measurement of an SDH-nitroblue tetrazolium-derived formazan final reaction product. Optimal incubation medium and reaction conditions were determined for(More)
A continuous wave cavity ring-down (cw-CRD) spectrometer has been developed for the measurement of trace levels of water vapor by absorption spectroscopy at wavelengths in the vicinity of 1358 nm and 1392 nm. The speed of data acquisition and selectivity make cavity ringdown spectroscopy potentially more useful than current techniques for measurement of(More)