Derek Leaderer

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Increasing evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNA) play an important role in tumorigenesis. As transcriptional regulators, altered miRNA expression may affect many cancer-related biological pathways, indicating that miRNAs can function as tumor suppressors and/or oncogenes. We first performed a genetic association analysis by screening genetic(More)
The transcription factors responsible for maintaining circadian rhythm influence a variety of biological processes. Recently, it has been suggested that the core circadian genes may play a role in breast tumorigenesis, possibly by influencing hormone regulation or other pathways relevant to cancer. To evaluate this hypothesis, we conducted a genetic and(More)
Three known non-synonymous polymorphisms (Ala394Thr, Ser471Leu and Pro690Ala) in the largest circadian gene, Neuronal PAS domain protein 2 (NPAS2), were genotyped in a breast cancer case-control study conducted in Connecticut, USA (431 cases and 476 controls). We found that women with the heterozygous Ala394Thr genotype were significantly associated with(More)
As transcriptional regulators, circadian genes have the potential to influence a variety of biological pathways, including many cancer-related processes. Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) is essential for proper circadian timing and is a key component of the circadian regulatory feedback loop. Here, we report findings from genetic, epigenetic, loss-of-function, and(More)
Results from recent molecular epidemiologic studies suggest that the core circadian genes play a role in breast tumorigenesis, possibly by influencing hormone regulation or other pathways relevant to cancer. In order to further evaluate this hypothesis, we conducted a genetic and epigenetic association study of the circadian regulator TIMELESS in breast(More)
Given strong evidence implicating an important role of altered microRNA expression in cancer initiation and progression, the genes responsible for microRNA biogenesis may also play a role in tumorigenesis. Exportin-5 (XPO5) is responsible for exporting pre-miRNAs through the nuclear membrane to the cytoplasm, and is thus critical in miRNA biogenesis. In the(More)
Bioinformatic tools are widely utilized to predict functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for genotyping in molecular epidemiological studies. However, the extent to which these approaches are mirrored by epidemiological findings has not been fully explored. In this study, we first surveyed SNPs examined in case-control studies of lung cancer,(More)
Circadian genes have the potential to influence a variety of cancer-related biological pathways, including immunoregulation, which may influence susceptibility to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). However, few studies have examined the role of circadian genes in lymphomagenesis. The current study examined Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2), a core circadian gene and(More)
Circadian genes continue to gain attention as important transcriptional regulators with the potential to influence a variety of biological pathways, including many cancer-related processes. The core circadian gene cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) is essential for proper circadian timing, and is a key component of the negative arm of the circadian feedback loop. As(More)
The transcription factor NPAS2 is one of nine human core circadian genes that influence a variety of biological processes by regulating the 24-h circadian rhythm. Recently, it has been shown that NPAS2 is a risk biomarker in human cancers and plays a role in tumorigenesis by affecting cancer-related gene expression, and relevant biological pathways.(More)