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The voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.8 (SNS, PN3) is thought to be a molecular correlate of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) tetrodotoxin resistant (TTX-R) Na+ current. TTX-R/NaV1.8 is an attractive therapeutic drug target for inflammatory and neuropathic pain on the basis of its specific distribution in sensory neurones and its modulation by inflammatory(More)
The SK/IK family of small and intermediate conductance calcium-activated potassium channels contains four members, SK1, SK2, SK3 and IK1, and is important for the regulation of a variety of neuronal and non-neuronal functions. In this study we have analysed the distribution of these channels in human tissues and their cellular localisation in samples of(More)
1. We have previously found that the P2x-purinoceptor agonist, alpha, beta-methylene adenosine 5'-triphosphate (alpha, beta-methylene ATP), depolarizes the rat cervical vagus nerve, measured with a 'grease-gap' extracellular recording technique. This effect was attenuated by the P2 purinoceptor antagonist, suramin. In the present study we have investigated(More)
Significant advances in understanding of P2X purinoceptor pharmacology have been made in the last few years. The limitations of nucleotide agonists as drug tools have now been amply demonstrated. Fortunately, inhibitors of the degrading ecto-ATPase enzymes are becoming available and it has become apparent that the complete removal of all divalent cations(More)
The antagonist properties of pyridoxal-5-phosphate, a synthesis precursor of pyridoxalphosphate-6-azophenyl-2',4'-disulphonic acid, were investigated on P2 purinoceptor-mediated responses of the rat isolated vagus nerve and vas deferens. In addition, the effect of this agent was studied on high affinity tritiated alpha,beta-methylene adenosine triphosphate(More)
Calcium-activated potassium ion channels SK and IK (small and intermediate conductance, respectively) may be important in the pathophysiology of pain following nerve injury, as SK channels are known to impose a period of reduced excitability after each action potential by afterhyperpolarization. We studied the presence and changes of human SK1 (hSK1)- and(More)
1. The effects of endothelium removal and of a number of pharmacological agents known to modify endothelial cell function on the contractile response of rabbit isolated basilar arteries to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and other vasoconstrictors were studied. 2. Endothelium removal slightly reduced the contractile response to potassium chloride (40 mM) but(More)
To address the throughput restrictions of classical patch clamp electrophysiology, Essen Instruments has developed a plate-based electrophysiology measurement platform. The instrument is an integrated platform that consists of computer-controlled fluid handling, recording electronics, and processing tools capable of voltage clamp whole-cell recordings from(More)
Proteins of the CLCA gene family including the human ClCa1 (hClCa1) have been suggested to constitute a new family of chloride channels mediating Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents. The present study examines the relationship between the hClCa1 protein and Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- currents using heterologous expression of hClCa1 in HEK293 and NCIH522 cell lines and(More)