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Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a recently discovered 21 amino acid peptide with potent vasoconstrictor properties. So far, its expression has been found only in porcine aorta, whereas its putative role as the endothelium-derived constricting factor (EDCF) would require it to be expressed and active in most vascular beds. We have used quantitative receptor(More)
Conscious rats were given an intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of isotonic or hypertonic saline, and killed 10-240 min later. In the hypothalamus of hypertonic saline-injected rats, c-fos-mRNA positive cells were mainly restricted to the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei and to structures associated with the lamina terminalis of the third ventricle,(More)
The rates of secretion and removal of aqueous humour are major determinants of intraocular pressure (IOP). The natriuretic peptides, atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) are vasodilators with variable effects on electrolyte and water transport at sites such as the nephron. There is some(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor peptide isolated from porcine endothelial cells. We have previously demonstrated widespread binding sites for ET-1 in blood vessels, heart, kidney, adrenal, lung, and brain in a distribution that paralleled that of endothelial cells. To determine whether these cells are capable of synthesizing ET-1 in close(More)
1. Angiotensin II (AII) binding density and the effect of chronic AII receptor blockade were examined in the rat model of hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension. 2. [125I]-[Sar1,Ile2]AII binding capacity was increased in lung membranes from rats exposed to hypoxia (10% fractional inspired O2) for 7 days compared to normal rats (Bmax 108 +/- 12 vs 77 +/- 3(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional and tissue Doppler echocardiographically derived myocardial velocity gradients (MVGs) were used to characterize the myocardium in patients with Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA), and the relationship between MVGs and the mutation in the FRDA gene, a GAA triplet repeat expansion, was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied 29 patients(More)
This study identified two potential novel biomarkers of peroxisome proliferation in the rat. Three peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) ligands, chosen for their high selectivity towards the PPARalpha, -delta and -gamma subtypes, were given to rats twice daily for 7 days at doses known to cause a pharmacological effect or peroxisome(More)
To study the mechanisms by which missense mutations in alpha-tropomyosin cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, we generated transgenic rats overexpressing alpha-tropomyosin with one of two disease-causing mutations, Asp(175)Asn or Glu(180)Gly, and analyzed phenotypic changes at molecular, morphological, and physiological levels. The transgenic(More)
1. This work investigated the drug interaction potential of GSK1292263, a novel GPR119 agonist, with the HMG-coA reductase inhibitors simvastatin and rosuvastatin. 2. In vitro experiments assessed the inhibition of transporters and CYP enzymes by GSK1292263, and a clinical drug interaction study investigated the effect of GSK1292263 (300 mg BID) on the(More)
The gastrointestinal tract regulates glucose and energy metabolism, and there is increasing recognition that bile acids function as key signalling molecules in these processes. For example, bile acid changes that occur after bariatric surgery have been implicated in the effects on satiety, lipid and cholesterol regulation, glucose and energy metabolism, and(More)