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Over 1000 genetically linked RFLP loci in Brassica napus were mapped to homologous positions in the Arabidopsis genome on the basis of sequence similarity. Blocks of genetically linked loci in B. napus frequently corresponded to physically linked markers in Arabidopsis. This comparative analysis allowed the identification of a minimum of 21 conserved(More)
BACKGROUND The large number of genetic linkage maps representing Brassica chromosomes constitute a potential platform for studying crop traits and genome evolution within Brassicaceae. However, the alignment of existing maps remains a major challenge. The integration of these genetic maps will enhance genetic resolution, and provide a means to navigate(More)
A reciprocal chromosomal transposition was identified in several annual oilseed Brassica napus genotypes used as parents in crosses to biennial genotypes for genetic mapping studies. The transposition involved an exchange of interstitial homeologous regions on linkage groups N7 and N16, and its detection was made possible by the use of segregating(More)
Dense consensus genetic maps based on high-throughput genotyping platforms are valuable for making genetic gains in Brassica napus through quantitative trait locus identification, efficient predictive molecular breeding, and map-based gene cloning. This report describes the construction of the first B. napus consensus map consisting of a 1,359 anchored(More)
The Brassica rapa line RLR22 was resistant to eight diverse turnip mosaic virus (TuMV) isolates. A B. rapa genetic map based on 213 marker loci segregating in 120 first back-cross (B(1)) individuals was established and aligned with the B. rapa genome reference map using some of the RFLP probes. B(1) individuals were self-pollinated to produce B(1)S(1)(More)
Blackleg, caused by Leptosphaeria maculans, is one of the most economically important diseases of Brassica napus worldwide. Two blackleg resistance genes, LepR1 and LepR2, from B. rapa subsp. sylvestris (BRS) were previously identified. To transfer LepR1 and LepR2 from BRS into B. napus, interspecific hybridizations were made between the two species to form(More)
Plant disease resistance (R) genes confer race-specific resistance to pathogens and are genetically defined on the basis of intra-specific functional polymorphism. Little is known about the evolutionary mechanisms that generate this polymorphism. Most R loci examined to date contain alternate alleles and/or linked homologs even in disease-susceptible plant(More)
We have cloned and sequenced cDNAs for the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of glycolysis, gapC, from a bryophyte, a gymnosperm, and three angiosperms. Phylogenetic analyses are presented for these data in the context of other gapC sequences and in parallel with published nucleotide sequences for the chloroplast encoded gene for the large subunit of(More)
AvrLepR1 of the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans is the avirulence gene that corresponds to Brassica LepR1, a plant gene controlling dominant, race-specific resistance to this pathogen. An in vitro cross between the virulent L. maculans isolate, 87-41, and the avirulent isolate, 99-56, was performed in order to map the AvrLepR1 gene. The disease(More)
The protection of canola (Brassica napus) crops against blackleg disease, caused by the fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans, is largely mediated by race-specific resistance genes (R-genes). While many R-genes effective against blackleg disease have been identified in Brassica species, information of the precise genomic locations of the genes is limited.(More)