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The British Regional Heart Study (BRHS) reported in 1986 that much of the inverse relation of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) and incidence of coronary heart disease was eliminated by covariance adjustment. Using the proportional hazards model and adjusting for age, blood pressure, smoking, body mass index, and low-density lipoprotein(More)
Cell adhesion and communication are interdependent aspects of cell behavior that are critical for morphogenesis and tissue architecture. In the skin, epidermal adhesion is mediated in part by specialized cell-cell junctions known as desmosomes, which are characterized by the presence of desmosomal cadherins, known as desmogleins and desmocollins. We(More)
The purpose of this work is to quantify the effects that errors in genotyping have on power and the sample size necessary to maintain constant asymptotic Type I and Type II error rates (SSN) for case-control genetic association studies between a disease phenotype and a di-allelic marker locus, for example a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) locus. We(More)
The present study assesses the effects of genotyping errors on the type I error rate of a particular transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT(std)), which assumes that data are errorless, and introduces a new transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT(ae)) that allows for random genotyping errors. We evaluate the type I error rate and power of the TDT(ae) under a(More)
Two issues regarding the robustness of the original transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) developed by Spielman et al are: (i) missing parental genotype data and (ii) the presence of undetected genotype errors. While extensions of the TDT that are robust to items (i) and (ii) have been developed, there is to date no single TDT statistic that is robust to(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) may be used in case-control designs to test for association between a SNP marker and a disease. Such designs may assume that the genotype data are reported without error. Our goal is quantifying the effects that errors have on sample size for case-control studies with haplotypes formed by a disease locus and a SNP(More)
Although researchers use duplicate genotyped data to calculate an inconsistency rate, there is no power analysis to assess the value of the duplicate data. In this paper, we present a model in which the genotyping error rate is related to the inconsistency rate. We extend the g genotype by h phenotype chi-squared test to incorporate the duplicate genotyped(More)
BACKGROUND Two factors impacting robustness of the original transmission disequilibrium test (TDT) are: i) missing parental genotypes and ii) undetected genotype errors. While it is known that independently these factors can inflate false-positive rates for the original TDT, no study has considered either the joint impact of these factors on false-positive(More)
The genetic lesion underlying familial British dementia (FBD), an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder, is a T-A transversion at the termination codon of the BRI gene. The mutant gene encodes BRI-L, the precursor of ABri peptides that accumulate in amyloid deposits in FBD brain. We now report that both BRI-L and its wild-type counterpart, BRI, were(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether aspirin and antioxidant therapy, combined or alone, are more effective than placebo in reducing the development of cardiovascular events in patients with diabetes mellitus and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease. DESIGN Multicentre, randomised, double blind, 2x2 factorial, placebo controlled trial. SETTING 16 hospital(More)