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A unique porcine circovirus type 2 capsid protein (ORF2) sequence was detected in swine samples submitted to the Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory. The complete genome sequences of four viruses, one from Mexico and three from the United States, were determined to further characterize this novel PCV2 genotype.
Proteasome, a large multicatalytic proteinase complex that plays an important role in processing of proteins, has been shown to possess multiple catalytic activities. Among its various activities, the 'chymotrypsin-like' activity of proteasome has emerged as the focus of drug discovery efforts in cancer therapy. Herein we report chiral boronate derived(More)
Structure-activity relationship on a novel ketone class of H(3)R antagonists/inverse agonists is disclosed. Compound 4 showed excellent target potency, selectivity and brain penetration. Evaluation of antagonist 4 in the rat EEG/EMG model demonstrated robust wake activity thereby establishing preclinical proof of concept.
Lactam and oxazolidinone derived potent 5-hydroxytryptamine 6 (5-HT6) receptor antagonists have been disclosed. One potent member from the lactam series, racemic compound 14 (Ki of 2.6 nM in binding assay, IC50 of 15 nM in functional cAMP antagonism assay) was separated into corresponding enantiomers that displayed the effect of chirality on binding potency(More)
A series of non-sulfonamide/non-sulfone derived potent 5-HT6 receptor inverse agonists has been disclosed. Representative compound 9 (Ki  = 14 nm) displayed selectivity against a set of family members as well as brain permeability 6 h post-oral administration. In addition, the separated enantiomers of compound 9 displayed difference in activity indicating(More)
In searching for a next generation molecule to the novel wake promoting agent modafinil (compound 1), a series of fluorene-derived wakefulness enhancing agents were developed and evaluated in rat. Extensive pharmacokinetic studies of a potent member of the series (compound 15) revealed that the wake promotion activity of the analog was likely due to an(More)
Utilizing atypical wake-promoting agent modafinil (inactive in both rH(3) and hH(3) binding assays) as a launching pad, a series of sulfinyl- and sulfone-derived H(3) receptor inverse agonists were developed. Brain-permeable compound 27, a potent member of the series displayed excellent selectivity against related family members (H(1), H(2), and H(4)(More)