Derek C. Bain

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Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a key cytokine in the development of cell-mediated immune responses. Bioactive IL-12 is a heterodimeric cytokine composed of disulphide linked p35 and p40 subunits. The aim of this study was to verify biologically activity of the products expressed from equine interleukin-12 (IL-12) p35 and p40 cDNAs and to establish whether equine(More)
Low-density primary cultures of neocortical neurons were utilized to examine: (i) early interactions of growing neurites with morphological characteristics of axons with other neuronal elements, and (ii) the distribution of presynaptic axonal varicosities closely apposed to MAP-2 immunoreactive, putatively postsynaptic, dendrites. At the light microscopical(More)
In order to characterize protein targeting signals in polarized postmitotic cortical neurones in vitro, we have developed recombinant and amplicon type vectors derived from herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) to transfer genes into these cells. We examined the targeting of both bacterial proteins, which lack specific targeting signals, as well as recombinant(More)
Neurons are polarized secretory cells whose cytoplasm and plasma membrane are polarized to form two compartments: dendrites and axons. In mature, fully polarized neurons, the microtubule-associated protein Map2 is targeted to dendrites, while tau is mainly restricted to axons. However, the intraneuronal distribution of secretory pathway organelles, such as(More)
The ability of sodium butyrate and dexamethasone to promote adrenergic differentiation in PC12 cells was examined using the gene encoding the epinephrine biosynthetic enzyme, phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT), as a marker. Sodium butyrate and dexamethasone independently stimulated expression of PNMT mRNA in PC12 cells, and the combined action of(More)
We constructed three recombinant vectors derived from the herpes simplex virus type 1 mutant tsK, each of which contained a different transgene under the control of the herpes simplex virus type 1 immediate early 3 promoter inserted into the thymidine kinase locus: the prokaryotic enzymes beta-galactosidase and chloramphenicol acetyl transferase, and a(More)
The expectation that cell-mediated immunity is important in the control of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) infection led us to test a DNA vaccine administered alone or with cytokines that favored the development of a Th1 immune response. The vaccine consisted of two plasmids, one expressing the gag/pol genes and the other expressing the env gene of(More)
HSV-1 derived amplicons expressing cytoplasmic beta-galactosidase (pA-SF1), or plasma membrane targeted TIMP-Thy1 (pA-TT1), were used to transduce glial cells in vitro. By monitoring the expression of reporter genes from both amplicons and helper virus, we determined that many cells were infected by both particles. In glial cells infected only by pA-SF1(More)
Expression from a short human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) major immediate early (IE) promoter-enhancer was tested in three different virus vectors: recombinant adenovirus (Ad), recombinant herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and HSV-1-derived amplicon vectors. The HCMV major IE promoter-enhancer within a replication-deficient recombinant Ad vector was shown to(More)