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Gene therapy in the central nervous system (CNS) is hindered by the presence of the blood-brain barrier, which restricts access of serum constituents and peripheral cells to the brain parenchyma. Expression of exogenously administered genes in the CNS has been achieved in vivo using highly invasive routes, or ex vivo relying on the direct implantation of(More)
Hematopoietic cell gene therapy using retroviral vectors has achieved success in clinical trials. However, safety issues regarding vector insertional mutagenesis have emerged. In two different trials, vector insertion resulted in the transcriptional activation of proto-oncogenes. One strategy for potentially diminishing vector insertional mutagenesis is(More)
The versatility of stem cells has only recently been fully recognized. There is evidence that upon adoptive bone marrow (BM) transplantation (BMT), donor-derived cells can give rise to neuronal phenotypes in the brains of recipient mice. Yet only few cells with the characteristic shape of neurons were detected 1-6 mo post-BMT using transgenic or newborn(More)
β-Thalassemia major results from severely reduced or absent expression of the β-chain of adult hemoglobin (α₂β₂;HbA). Increased levels of fetal hemoglobin (α₂γ₂;HbF), such as occurs with hereditary persistence of HbF, ameliorate the severity of β-thalassemia, raising the potential for genetic therapy directed at enhancing HbF. We used an in vitro model of(More)
One of the main impediments to effective gene therapy of blood disorders is the resistance of human hematopoietic stem cells to stable genetic modification. We show here that a small minority of retrovirally transduced stem cells can be selectively enriched in vivo, which might be a way to circumvent this obstacle. We constructed two retroviral vectors(More)
The Friend virus susceptibility 2 (Fv2) locus encodes a dominant host factor that confers susceptibility to Friend virus-induced erythroleukaemia in mice. We mapped Fv2 to a 1.0-Mb interval that also contained the gene (Ron) encoding the stem cell kinase receptor (Stk). A truncated form of Stk (Sf-stk), which was the most abundant form of Stk in(More)
Since increased fetal hemoglobin diminishes the severity of beta-thalassemia and sickle cell anemia, a strategy using autologous, stem cell-targeted gene transfer of a gamma-globin gene may be therapeutically useful. We previously found that a gamma-globin lentiviral vector utilizing the beta-globin promoter and elements from the beta-globin locus control(More)
Although hematopoietic cell gene therapy using retroviral vectors has recently achieved success in clinical trials, safety issues regarding vector insertional mutagenesis have emerged. Vector insertion, resulting in transcriptional activation of proto-oncogenes, played a role in the development of lymphoid leukemia in an X-linked severe combined(More)
FOXP3 is critical for the development and function of CD4(+)CD25(bright) natural regulatory T cells (nTreg). Individuals harboring mutations in FOXP3 develop immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked syndrome (IPEX). We describe a child diagnosed with IPEX who underwent a reduced intensity, T and B cell depleted, matched unrelated(More)
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) interact with other RNAs, DNA and/or proteins to regulate gene expression during development. Erythropoiesis is one developmental process that is tightly controlled throughout life to ensure accurate red blood cell production and oxygen transport to tissues. Thus, homeostasis is critical and maintained by competitive outcomes(More)