Learn More
Genetic mutations with major effects on ovulation rate in sheep were recently identified in two genes of the transforming growth factor (TGFbeta) superfamily and a TGFbeta receptor, namely bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15), otherwise known as the growth differentiation factor 9b (GDF9b), GDF9 and activin-like kinase 6 (ALK6) otherwise known as the BMP(More)
The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that both growth differential factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP15; also known as GDF9B) are essential for normal ovarian follicular development in mammals with a low ovulation rate phenotype. Sheep (9-10 per group) were immunized with keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH; control), a GDF9-specific(More)
The origin of follicle (i.e., pregranulosa) cells that become the somatic component of primordial follicles is obscure. In addition, information regarding the structural changes that accompany the concomitant regression of ovigerous cords and the appearance of primordial follicles is lacking. In the present study, ovine ovaries collected at frequent time(More)
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the combined occurrence of parathyroid, pancreatic islet and anterior pituitary tumours. To facilitate a screening programme for MEN1, we investigated 709 people (364 males and 345 females, age range 1-84 years) from 62 MEN1 families, and 36 non-familial MEN1(More)
The aim of this study was to determine 1) the time of onset and cellular localization of gene expression for steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1), steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Delta(5),Delta(4) isomerase (3beta-HSD), and the cytochrome P450 enzymes for cholesterol side-chain cleavage (P450(scc)), 17alpha-hydroxylase(More)
Two related oocyte-derived members of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, namely growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) and bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15, also known as GDF9B), have recently been shown to be essential for ovarian follicular growth. In addition, both proteins have been shown to regulate ovulation rate in sheep,(More)
The patterns of ovarian follicular development and the steroidogenic properties of individual follicles (greater than or equal to 2 mm diam.) were assessed in Angus cows from Day - 5 until Day + 1 of the oestrous cycle (oestrus = Day 0). Individual follicles were judged to be healthy or atretic using a new classification system incorporating assessments of(More)
Using fetal sheep as the experimental model, we have elucidated some of the key events that culminate in the formation of primordial follicles. A special effort was made to determine the source of the somatic cells that ultimately become granulosa cells of primordial follicles. Between gestational days 38-100: (1) light and electron microscopy was used to(More)
Ewes homozygous (II) for the Inverdale prolificacy gene (FecXI) located on the X chromosome are infertile with "streak" ovaries. The aims of this study were to examine the ovarian morphology and plasma and tissue (or extracellular fluid) hormone concentrations in II ewes in comparison to control (++) animals. All II animals (n = 11) were found to contain no(More)
CONTEXT Growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) is a central regulator of folliculogenesis and ovulation rate. Fourteen mutations in human (h) GDF9 have been reported in women with premature ovarian failure or polycystic ovarian syndrome as well as in mothers of dizygotic twins, implicating GDF9 in the etiology of these conditions. We sought to determine how(More)