Dereje Damte

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The antibacterial activity and selection of resistant bacteria, along with mechanisms of fluoroquinolone resistance, were investigated by integrating the static [MIC or mutant-prevention concentration (MPC)] and in vitro dynamic model approaches using Escherichia coli isolates from diseased dogs. Using the dynamic models, selected E. coli strains and(More)
AIM To investigate the mechanism by which Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae induces inflammatory responses in murine alveolar macrophage (MH-S) cells. METHODS A pathogenic strain of M. hyopneumoniae cultured in modified Friis medium was used to investigate the inflammatory response in MH-S cell lines. The effect of stimulation by M. hyopneumoniae on the production(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare the antitumor activity of different solvent fractions (ethanol, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, butanol and water) of the Auricularia auricula-judae 70% ethanol extract on the P388D1 macrophage and sarcoma 180 cells. A dose-dependent antitumor activity of each solvent fraction (from 0.01 mg/ml to 0.3(More)
In the present study, we confirmed the ability of M. hyopneumoniae to induce the secretion of large amount of proinflammatory cytokine and nitric oxide (NO) in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells. Moreover, M. hyopneumoniae-induced activation of the MAPK and NF-кB pathways by phosphorylation of ERK1/2, p38 and JNK/SAPK and by dissociation of IκB from NF-κB.(More)
The safety of foods of animal origin requires the determination of the time at which veterinary drug residues in edible tissues are below a given maximum residue limit (MRL). For this reason, a certain withdrawal time estimate is determined for drugs based on statistical evaluation of concentrations determined by analytical analysis of residues in target(More)
In the present study, a computational comparative and subtractive genomic/proteomic analysis aimed at the identification of putative therapeutic target and vaccine candidate proteins from Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) annotated metabolic pathways of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae was performed for drug design and vaccine production pipelines(More)
The antibacterial activity, selection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) mutants and mechanisms of fluoroquinolone resistance were investigated by integrating the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), mutant prevention concentration (MPC) and in vitro dynamic model approaches. Difloxacin and orbifloxacin, for which the above information has been scarce, were(More)
The in vitro activity of 15 antimicrobial agents against clinical isolates of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pasteurella spp. and Streptococcus canis from dogs was investigated. For Staphylococcus spp., the highest frequency of resistance was observed for penicillin, followed by ampicillin, tetracycline and(More)
In this study, a dichloromethane fraction (DCMF) from 70% Auricularia auricula-judae ethanol extract showed the highest level of antitumor activity compared to other solvent fractions (ethyl acetate, butanol, and water). The DCMF was found to have more potent antitumor activity against broncheoalveolar cancer (half maximal inhibitory concentration = 57.2(More)
In a previous study, we demonstrated pneumococcal EstA-induced inflammatory response through NF-κB and MAPK-dependent pathways. Herein, we tested the hypothesis that the Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) activation and associated signaling cascades may also be involved in EstA-induced inflammatory process in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Our immunoblot analysis indicated(More)