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OBJECTIVES The risk of active tuberculosis increases in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving antitumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) therapy. Longitudinal data concerning serial interferon γ (IFNγ) assays for detecting tuberculosis have been limited. This study investigated the time course of the development of active tuberculosis, and evaluated the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the kinetics of hepatitis B virus (HBV) viral loads and HBV reactivation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients undergoing therapy with tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) inhibitors. METHODS The authors investigated the virological, serological and biochemical evidence of HBV reactivation in 88 RA patients receiving anti-TNFα(More)
IMPORTANCE The antiepileptic drug phenytoin can cause cutaneous adverse reactions, ranging from maculopapular exanthema to severe cutaneous adverse reactions, which include drug reactions with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and toxic epidermal necrolysis. The pharmacogenomic basis of phenytoin-related severe cutaneous adverse(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α inhibitors on circulating T helper-type 17 (Th17) cells and Th17-related cytokines in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS The frequencies of circulating Th17 cells and serum levels of Th17-related cytokines were determined using flow(More)
Protein kinase C-θ (PKC-θ) is required for activation of the transcription factor NF-κB induced by signaling via the T cell antigen receptor (TCR); however, the direct activator of PKC-θ is unknown. We report that the kinase GLK (MAP4K3) directly activated PKC-θ during TCR signaling. TCR signaling activated GLK by inducing its direct interaction with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines in the sera and their mRNA expression in biopsy specimens of evanescent rash and synovitis from patients with active untreated adult onset Still's disease (AOSD). METHODS We measured serum levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-alpha) by(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the associations between (1) antidrug antibody (ADAb) and therapeutic response, (2) ADAb and serum drug trough levels and (3) serum drug levels and therapeutic responses in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients receiving adalimumab or etanercept. Secondarily, we aim (1) to evaluate the concordance between radioimmunoassay and bridging(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and a history of periodontitis. METHODS This nationwide, population-based, case-control study used administrative data to identify 13 779 newly diagnosed patients with RA (age ≥16 years) as the study group and 137 790 non-patients with RA matched for age, sex, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the potential role of Th type 17 (Th17) cells and Th17-related cytokines in the pathogenesis of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). METHODS The frequencies of circulating Th17 cells in 24 patients with active untreated AOSD, 16 patients with active SLE and 12 healthy volunteers were determined using intracellular cytokine staining(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate QuantiFERON-tuberculosis Gold (QFT-G) assay and tuberculin skin test (TST) for latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with adalimumab. METHODS We prospectively followed up 43 RA patients who received adalimumab therapy and underwent serial TSTs and QFT-G assays. TST was(More)