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Besides a traditional use for the development of organic conducting materials, the tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) unit and its derivatives have recently appeared as key constituents for new applications, exploiting remarkable redox properties: a high pi-donating ability and occurrence of three stable redox states. Indeed, in very recent years, an impressive(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate diabetes-associated changes in urinary bladder expression of cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2) and the functional role of CB agonists and antagonists in mediating phasic contractions of isolated bladder strips using a streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS The bladder and dorsal root ganglion(More)
4,5-Dimethylthio-4'-[2-(9-anthryloxy)ethylthio]tetrathiafulvalene has been designed and synthesized as a highly selective and sensitive chemiluminescence (CL) probe for singlet oxygen ((1)O(2)). The design strategy for the probe is directed by the idea of photoinduced electron-transfer process and carried out through the incorporation of electron-rich(More)
Sarcocystis neurona is an apicomplexan parasite that is the major cause of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). The biology of this pathogen remains poorly understood in part due to unavailability of molecular genetic tools. Hence, with an objective to develop DNA transfection capabilities for S. neurona, the 5' flanking region of the SnSAG1 gene was(More)
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the major inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system and exerts its actions via ionotropic (GABAA and GABAC) and metabotropic (GABAB) receptors. The GABAB receptor is a dimer composed of R1 and R2 components. In addition to their location on neurons, GABA and functional GABAB receptors also have(More)
We report herein a new colorimetric assay method for acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity and its inhibitor screening by making use of the following facts: (1) the aggregation of gold nanoparticles (Au-NPs) results in the red-shift of the plasmon absorption due to interparticle plasmon interactions and (2) AChE can catalyze the hydrolysis of(More)
In this paper, we describe a new continuous fluorescence turn-on method for trypsin assay and inhibitor screening in situ. This assay is designed based on the following assumptions: (1) It is expected that the fluorescein-labeled peptide composed of six arginine residues (Arg(6)-FAM) with positive charges will interact with the negatively charged edge of(More)
Herein, we report the synthesis of new tetraphenylethylene derivatives 1-5 that feature electron-donating (methoxy) and -accepting (dicyanomethane) groups as AIE-active molecules with tunable emission colors. The crystal structures of compounds 3 and 4 are described and the intermolecular interactions within their crystals agree with the observation that(More)
A putative nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase (NTPase) gene was identified in a database of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from the apicomplexan parasite Sarcocystis neurona. Analysis of culture-derived S. neurona merozoites demonstrated a dithiol-dependent NTPase activity, consistent with the presence of a homologue to the TgNTPases of Toxoplasma gondii. A(More)
Singlet oxygen (1O2) has been shown to play an important role in salivary defense system, but its generation process and level from human saliva remain uncertain due to the lack of a reliable detection method. We have previously reported 4,4'(5')-bis[2-(9-anthryloxy)ethylthio]tetrathiafulvalene (BAET) as a novel chemiluminescence probe for 1O2. In this(More)