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A disease of Macrobrachium rosenbergii, the giant freshwater prawn, farmed in China was recently recorded in Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Guangxi and Guangdong provinces. The clinical sign of the disease, which develops in post-larvae (PL), is a whitish appearance of the muscles, particularly noticeable in the abdomen. Mortalities may reach 100% in some(More)
A nonfullerene-based polymer solar cell (PSC) that significantly outperforms fullerene-based PSCs with respect to the power-conversion efficiency is demonstrated for the first time. An efficiency of >11%, which is among the top values in the PSC field, and excellent thermal stability is obtained using PBDB-T and ITIC as donor and acceptor, respectively.
The availability of specific and rapid detection methods is essential for monitoring the health status of farmed species, particularly in viral diseases as in this case early diagnosis is a critical factor in containing disease outbreaks. Three complementary genome-based methods were developed for the detection of Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV),(More)
White tail disease of the farmed freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, is the cause of mortalities in the French West Indies, China and India. Two different sized particles, both developing in the cytoplasm of target cells, are found associated with diseased animals. These two viruses were separated, purified and subsequently characterized. The(More)
High-performance inverted polymer solar cells (PSCs) with solution-processed titanium chelate TIPD as electron collecting layer are reported. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the inverted PSC with a-TIPD buffer layer with thermal annealing at 150 °C for 10 min reached 7.4% under the illumination of AM1.5, 100 mW/cm(2), which is increased by 16% in(More)
We report efficient polymer solar cells (PSCs) based on poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and indene-C(60) bisadduct (ICBA) with water soluble nickel acetate (NiAc) instead of acidic poly(ethylenedioxythiophene) : poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT : PSS) as hole collection layer (HCL). The NiAc layer after thermal annealing at 150 °C for 30 min (α-NiAc) shows high(More)
Low-work-function active metals are commonly used as cathode in polymer solar cells (PSCs), but sensitivity of the active metals towards moisture and oxygen results in poor stability of the devices. Therefore, solution-proceessable and stable cathode buffer layer is of great importance for the application of PSCs. Here we demonstrate high performance PSCs(More)
A novel polythiophene derivative, PBT1, was designed, synthesized, and applied in polymer solar cells (PSCs). This work provides a successful example of using molecular structure as a tool to realize optimal photovoltaic performance with high polymer content, thus enabling the realization of efficient photoabsorption in very thin films. As a result, an(More)
A solution-processed vanadium oxide (s-VO(x)) anode buffer layer on an indium-tin-oxide (ITO) electrode was used instead of PEDOT:PSS for improving the stability and photovoltaic performance of the polymer solar cells (PSCs). The s-VO(x) layer was prepared by spin-coating a vanadyl acetylacetonate (VO(acac)(2)) isopropyl alcohol solution on the ITO(More)