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Though several pathogenetic theories concerning the frequent association of Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus with myeloschisis have been suggested, none of them explains all the aspects of the disorder. To investigate whether myeloschisis is the direct cause of Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus or these conditions are the results of another basic(More)
This study aimed to compare respiratory variation in transthoracic echo-derived aortic blood flow velocity (∆Vpeak) and inferior vena cava diameter (∆IVCD) with central venous pressure (CVP) as predictors of fluid responsiveness in children after repair of ventricular septal defect (VSD). A prospective study conducted in pediatric intensive care unit(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Percutaneous occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) has become increasingly attractive with the evolution of devices and techniques. We reviewed results for percutaneous occlusion of PDA using various devices in a single center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS A retrospective review was done for 118 consecutive procedures performed in(More)
PURPOSE Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is an orphan disease showing poor prognosis. The purpose of study was to evaluate clinical factors influencing outcomes in PAH. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients who were diagnosed with PAH at a single center were reviewed retrospectively. Forty patients (34.9±14.5 years, 80% of female) were enrolled. RESULTS(More)
PURPOSE Meckel's diverticulum (MD) has various clinical manifestations, and diagnosis or selectection of proper diagnostic tools is not easy. This study was conducted in order to assess the clinical differences of MD diagnosed by scintigraphic and non-scintigraphic methods and to find the proper diagnostic tools. METHODS We conducted a retrospective(More)
Kawasaki disease (KD), an acute systemic vasculitis that primarily affects infants and young children, is occasionally refractory to initial high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). Some patients with KD develop peripheral gangrene as a fatal complication, though this is rare. There has been no case reported in the literature of complicated peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is higher among adult migraine patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of PFO in children and adolescent migraine patients. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 32 patients with migraine (divided into two subgroups, the migraine with aura subgroup and the migraine without aura(More)
Decreased exercise capacity after Fontan surgery is relatively common and the failure of the Fontan state gradually increases with age. However, there is no further treatment for patients with Fontan circulation. Pulmonary vasodilation therapy is an effective method to solve this problem because pulmonary vascular resistance is a major factor of the Fontan(More)
PURPOSE To compare the effectiveness of device closure and medical therapy in prevention of recurrent embolic event in the Korean population with cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale (PFO). MATERIALS AND METHODS Consecutive 164 patients (men: 126 patients, mean age: 48.1 years, closure group: 72 patients, medical group: 92 patients) were enrolled.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In Kawasaki disease (KD), high dose intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) significantly lowers the coronary complications. However, some patients either do not respond to initial therapy or develop coronary complications. We aimed to identify the predictive factors for unresponsiveness to initial IVIG therapy and coronary artery(More)