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In rodents, a single administration of valproic acid (VPA) in utero leads to developmental delays and lifelong deficits in motor performance, social behavior, and anxiety-like behavior in the offspring. Recently, we have demonstrated that VPA mice show alterations in postnatal growth and development, and deficits in olfactory discrimination and social(More)
Experiments in rodents have indicated that maternal valproic acid (VPA) exposure has permanent adverse effects upon neurological and behavioral development. In humans, prenatal exposure to VPA can induce fetal valproate syndrome, which has been associated with autism. The present study examined mouse pups exposed in utero to VPA, measuring physical(More)
ELISA measures of 17 beta-estradiol, estrone conjugates, and testosterone were adapted for fecal and urinary samples from laboratory mice. We will report on validations of these assays and data from interacting males and females. Unconjugated gonadal steroids were consistently measurable in urine and feces of both males and females. Females that were(More)
Triclosan is an antimicrobial additive in many personal care and household products, and evidence indicates that it can be estrogenic. As estrogen elevations can disrupt blastocyst implantation, we examined the influence of triclosan on implantation in inseminated mice. Doses of 18 and 27 mg/animal/day (about 523 and 785 mg/kg/day) on gestational days (GD)(More)
Bisphenol-A (BPA), a monomer used in production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, has established estrogenic properties. We assessed the impact of acute and repeated subcutaneous BPA administration upon intrauterine implantation of fertilized ova and urinary levels of 17beta-estradiol and progesterone in inseminated female mice. In Experiment 1,(More)
Bisphenol-A (BPA) has estrogenic properties both in vitro and in vivo. We investigated its impacts upon uterine morphology and estrogen and progesterone receptors after injection on gestational days 1-4 in doses known to disrupt pregnancy. Blastocyst implantation was significantly reduced by doses of 6.75 and 10.125 mg/animal. Uterine luminal area expanded(More)
Novel males can disrupt early pregnancy in female house mice (Mus musculus). In Experiment 1, exposure to novel males disrupted pregnancy, but exposure to male urine did not. In Experiment 2, urine from male or female mice or rats painted on females' noses did not influence pregnancy. In Experiment 3, the conjunction of urine painted on female's noses and(More)
Intrauterine implantation of fertilized ova in inseminated females is sensitive to minute levels of natural estrogens. Bisphenol-A (BPA), a widely used chemical in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, can be estrogenic. Here we administered BPA during the period of implantation to determine levels of exposure required to terminate(More)
Development of puberty in female mice was examined in relationship with the ano-genital distance index (AGDI), phyto-oestrogen content of diet and exposure to males post weaning. Throughout gestation and post-natal development, females were exposed to a regular diet or a nutritionally similar diet deficient in phyto-oestrogens. After segregation at weaning(More)
Evidence scattered over the literatures of zoology, psychology, agricultural science, and medicine indicates that diverse stressors will interfere with pregnancy in its early stages. It is probable that the most sensitive period is around the point of intrauterine implantation of fertilized ova. Although there is some indication that conventional "stress"(More)