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SUMMARY Mice lacking p27(Kip1) have been created by gene targeting in embryonic stem cells. These mice are larger than the control animals, with thymus, pituitary, and adrenal glands and gonadal organs exhibiting striking enlargement. CDK2 activity is elevated about 10-fold in p27(-/-) thymocytes. Development of ovarian follicles seems to be impaired,(More)
In order to examine the mechanisms by which clonal deletion of autoreactive T cells occurs, a peptide antigen was used to induce deletion of antigen-reactive thymocytes in vivo. Mice transgenic for a T cell receptor (TCR) that reacts to this peptide contain thymocytes that progress from the immature to the mature phenotype. Intraperitoneal administration of(More)
The major problem in the study of T-cell development is that of tracking thymocytes of a given specificity. Recent studies have exploited natural correlations between the expression of a particular V beta gene segment and T-cell receptor (TCR) specificity. We and others (refs 5, 6 and M. Davis, personal communication) have taken an alternative approach. We(More)
During thymic development, T cells that can recognize foreign antigen in association with self major histocompatibility complex (MHC) are selected for survival (positive selection) and autoreactive T cells are eliminated (negative selection). Both of these selective events are mediated by interaction between the T-cell receptor (TCR) and the peptide-MHC(More)
The T-cell repertoire found in the periphery is thought to be shaped by two developmental events in the thymus that involve the antigen receptors of T lymphocytes. First, interactions between T cells and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules select a T-cell repertoire skewed towards recognition of antigens in the context of self-MHC molecules. In(More)
Introduction of TCR alpha transgene, TCR beta transgene, or both into RAG-2-/-mice differentially rescues T cell development. RAG-2-/- mice have small numbers of TCR-CD4-CD8-(double negative, DN) thymocytes that express CD3 gamma delta epsilon and zeta proteins intracellularly. Introduction of a TCR beta transgene, but not a TCR alpha transgene, into the(More)
Thymocytes are selected for expression of alpha beta T-cell antigen receptors (TCR) which recognize antigen in conjunction with self-major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecules. In the thymus the restriction element is imprinted on radioresistant stromal elements and on cells of haematopoietic origin. In mice negative for beta 2-microglobulin that are(More)
Bcl-2 expression is tightly regulated during lymphocyte development. Mature lymphocytes in Bcl-2-deficient mice show accelerated spontaneous apoptosis in vivo and in vitro. Stimulation of Bcl-2-deficient lymphocytes by anti-CD3 antibody inhibited the spontaneous apoptosis not only in T cells but also in B cells. The rescue of B cells was dependent on the(More)
During thymic development, thymocytes that can recognize major histocompatability complex (MHC) molecules on thymic epithelial cells are selected to survive and mature (positive selection), whereas thymocytes that recognize MHC on hematopoietic cells are destroyed (negative selection). It is not known how MHC recognition can mediate both death and survival.(More)
Fifteen independently isolated complementary DNA clones that contain T-cell receptor (TCR) V beta genes were sequenced and found to represent 11 different V beta genes. When compared with known sequences, 14 different V beta genes could be defined from a total of 25 complementary DNA's; 11 clones therefore involved repeated usage of previously identified V(More)