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We report the molecular cloning from foetal brain of the human potassium channel heag2. The cDNA encodes a protein of 988 amino acids, 73% identical to heag1. Heag2 is expressed in the brain, but is also found in a range of tissues including skeletal muscle. In oocytes, the channel is a non-inactivating outward rectifier, with dependence of activation rate(More)
The human and rat forms of the Kv2.1 channel have identical amino acids over the membrane-spanning regions and differ only in the N- and C-terminal intracellular regions. Rat Kv2.1 activates much faster than human Kv2.1. Here we have studied the role of the N- and C-terminal residues that determine this difference in activation kinetics between the two(More)
The inwardly rectifying potassium channel Kir2.3 possesses extracellular cysteine residues at positions 113, 140 and 145, as well as at position 79 near the outer membrane boundary. In this study, we have investigated the roles of these extracellular cysteine residues in mediating inhibition of the Kir2.3 channel by the cysteine-reactive reagents(More)
 Voltage-gated ion channels contain a positively charged transmembrane segment termed S4. Recent evidence suggests that depolarisation of the membrane potential causes this segment to undergo conformational changes that, in turn, lead to the opening of the channel pore. In order to define these conformational changes in structural terms, we have introduced(More)
OBJECTIVE Src has been proposed to activate L-type calcium channel activity by binding to the alpha1c subunit. In the II-III linker region of this subunit there is a novel consensus sequence for Src binding. We have examined whether this site is a functional Src interaction site and investigated the effect displacing Src from this region has on calcium(More)
Ether-a-go-go potassium channels have large intracellular regions containing ‘Per-Ant-Sim’ (PAS) and cyclic nucleotide binding (cNBD) domains at the N- and C-termini, respectively. In heag1 and heag2 channels, recent studies have suggested that the N- and C-terminal domains interact, and affect activation properties. Here, we have studied the effect of(More)
The ether-a-go-go potassium channels heag1 and heag2 are highly homologous; however, the activation properties between the two channels are different. We have studied the molecular regions that determine differences in activation properties by making chimeras between the two channels, expressing them in oocytes, and recording currents with two-electrode(More)
The involvement of the transmembrane regions S2, S3 and S4 in the activation of potassium channels by depolarization has been well clarified. However, a role of the intracellular regions in channel function is emerging. Here we review recent evidence for the roles of intracellular regions in the functioning of members of two families of channels. The Kv2.1(More)
The voltage-gated Kv2.1 channel is composed of four identical subunits folded around the central pore and does not inactivate appreciably during short depolarizing pulses. To study voltage-induced relative molecular rearrangements of the channel, Kv2.1 subunits were genetically fused with enhanced cyan fluorescent protein and/or enhanced yellow fluorescent(More)
Voltage-dependent calcium channels are classified into low voltage-activated and high voltage-activated channels. We have investigated the molecular basis for this difference in voltage dependence of activation by constructing chimeras between a low voltage-activated channel (Ca(V)3.1) and a high voltage-activated channel (Ca(V)1.2), focusing on(More)