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The nucleic acid sequences of the pre-membrane/membrane and envelope protein genes of 23 geographically and temporally distinct dengue (DEN)-3 viruses were determined. This was accomplished by reverse transcriptase-PCR amplification of the structural genes followed by automated DNA sequence analysis. Comparison of nucleic acid sequences revealed that(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a positive-stranded enveloped RNA virus that belongs to the family Flaviviridae. Genomic JEV RNA is approximately 11 kb long and encodes 10 proteins, 3 structural and 7 nonstructural. A full-length cDNA copy of the JEV genome was constructed by in vitro ligation of two cDNA fragments which encode the 5' (nucleotide(More)
RNA oligonucleotide fingerprinting studies on a large number of virus isolates previously demonstrated considerable genetic variation in isolates of dengue (DEN)-2 serotype. We report the entire envelope (E) glycoprotein gene and deduced amino acid sequences of 16 DEN-2 viruses and the phylogenetic relationships of these, plus 17 additional published DEN E(More)
The incidence of dengue and dengue hemorrhagic fever has increased dramatically in the past 15 years in most urban centers of the tropics. Coincident with this increase has been the emergence of epidemic dengue hemorrhagic fever in the American region. The current changing disease pattern in the Americas is very similar to that which occurred in southeast(More)
Nucleotide sequences of the envelope protein genes of 19 geographically and temporally distinct dengue (DEN)-4 viruses were determined. Nucleic acid sequence comparison revealed that the identity among the DEN-4 viruses was greater than 92%. Similarity among deduced amino acids was between 96 and 100%; in most cases identical amino acid substitutions(More)
The sequence of the 5'-end of the genome of dengue 2 (Jamaica genotype) virus has been previously reported (V. Deubel, R. M. Kinney, and D. W. Trent, 1986, Virology 155, 365-377). We have now cloned and sequenced the remaining 75% of the genomic RNA that encodes the nonstructural proteins. The complete genome is 10,723 bases in length with a single open(More)
Twenty-one hybridomas producing monoclonal antibodies specific for the E glycoprotein of St. Louis encephalitis (SLE) virus, strain MSI-7, have been isolated. Serologic reactivities were initially determined by cross-reactivity indirect immunofluorescence assays using 22 strains of SLE virus and 8 other related flaviviruses. Four groups demonstrating type-,(More)
To identify T-helper (Th)-cell epitopes, we analyzed 25 synthetic peptides, which included most of the 495-amino-acid sequence of the envelope (E)-glycoprotein of dengue 2 virus. The peptides were analyzed in three mouse strains, BALB/c (H-2d), C57BL/6 (H-2b), and outbred NIH-Swiss, for their ability to elicit antibody or prime the Th-cell compartment(More)
The sequence of 5400 bases corresponding to the 5'-terminal half of the Murray Valley encephalitis virus genome has been determined. The genome contains a 5' non-coding region of about 97 nucleotides, followed by a single continuous open reading frame that encodes the structural proteins followed by the non-structural proteins. Amino acid sequence homology(More)
The virulent Trinidad donkey (TRD) strain of Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus and its live attenuated vaccine derivative, TC-83 virus, have different neurovirulence characteristics. A full-length cDNA clone of the TC-83 virus genome was constructed behind the bacteriophage T7 promoter in the polylinker of plasmid pUC18. To identify the genomic(More)